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A Mean-Variance Framework for Tests for Asset Pricing Models

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  • Shumel Kandel
  • Robert F. Stambaugh

Abstract

This paper presents a mean-variance framework for likelihood ration tests of asset pricing models. A pricing model is tested by examining the position of one of more reference portfolios is sample mean-standard-deviation space. Included are tests of both single-beta and multiple-beta relations, with or without a riskless asset, using either a general or a specific alternative hypothesis. Tests with factors that are not portfolio returns are also included. The mean-variance framework is illustrated by testing the zero-beta CAPM, a two-beta pricing model, and the consumption-beta model.

Suggested Citation

  • Shumel Kandel & Robert F. Stambaugh, "undated". "A Mean-Variance Framework for Tests for Asset Pricing Models," Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research Working Papers 25-88, Wharton School Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:fth:pennfi:25-88
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    Cited by:

    1. Balvers, Ronald J. & Huang, Dayong, 2009. "Evaluation of linear asset pricing models by implied portfolio performance," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(9), pages 1586-1596, September.
    2. Harvey, Campbell R, 1995. "Predictable Risk and Returns in Emerging Markets," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 8(3), pages 773-816.
    3. Kim Chang Sik, 2009. "Test for Spatial Dominances in the Distribution of Stock Returns: Evidence from the Korean Stock Market Before and After the East Asian Financial Crisis," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 13(4), pages 1-27, September.
    4. Wang, Zhenyu, 1998. "Efficiency loss and constraints on portfolio holdings," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(3), pages 359-375, June.
    5. De Moor, Lieven & Dhaene, Geert & Sercu, Piet, 2015. "On comparing zero-alpha tests across multifactor asset pricing models," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 61(S2), pages 235-240.
    6. Fabio Maccheroni & Massimo Marinacci & Aldo Rustichini & Marco Taboga, 2009. "Portfolio Selection With Monotone Mean-Variance Preferences," Mathematical Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(3), pages 487-521.
    7. Javid, Attiya Yasmin, 2008. "Time Varying Risk Return Relationship: Evidence from Listed Pakistani Firms," MPRA Paper 37561, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Beaulieu, Marie-Claude & Gagnon, Marie-Hélène & Khalaf, Lynda, 2016. "Less is more: Testing financial integration using identification-robust asset pricing models," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 171-190.
    9. Post, G.T., 2002. "Testing for Third-Order Stochastic Dominance with Diversification Possibilities," ERIM Report Series Research in Management ERS-2002-02-F&A, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) at Erasmus University Rotterdam.
    10. Nijman, T.E. & de Roon, F.A., 2001. "Testing for mean-variance spanning : A survey," Other publications TiSEM 0159f80a-c61b-4519-b004-a, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    11. Kandel, Shmuel & McCulloch, Robert & Stambaugh, Robert F, 1995. "Bayesian Inference and Portfolio Efficiency," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 8(1), pages 1-53.
    12. Simon Stevenson, 2000. "International Real Estate Diversification: Empirical Tests using Hedged Indices," Journal of Real Estate Research, American Real Estate Society, vol. 19(1), pages 105-131.
    13. Claessens, Stijn, 1993. "Equity portfolio investment in developing countries : a literature survey," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1089, The World Bank.
    14. Wayne E. Ferson & Andrew F. Siegel, 2006. "Testing Portfolio Efficiency with Conditioning Information," NBER Working Papers 12098, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    15. A. Craig MacKinlay, 1994. "Multifactor Models Do Not Explain Deviations from the CAPM," NBER Working Papers 4756, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    16. Kandel, Shmuel & Stambaugh, Robert F, 1995. " Portfolio Inefficiency and the Cross-Section of Expected Returns," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 50(1), pages 157-184, March.
    17. Kim, Daehwan, 2012. "Is currency hedging necessary for emerging-market equity investment?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 116(1), pages 67-71.
    18. Attiya Y. Javid & Eatzaz Ahmad, 2008. "The Conditional Capital Asset Pricing Model: Evidence from Karachi Stock Exchange," PIDE-Working Papers 2008:48, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    19. Post, G.T., 2001. "Testing for Stochastic Dominance with Diversification Possibilities," ERIM Report Series Research in Management ERS-2001-38-F&A, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) at Erasmus University Rotterdam.

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