Insider Holdings and the Pricing of Initial Public Offerings
For a large sample of initial public offerings of common stock, insider holdings are positively related to market value/book value ratios. Three hypotheses are presented to explain this relation: (i) insider holdings signal relative firm value, (ii) an agency relation is present, so that firms with higher insider holdings have harder-working managers, and are thus worth more, and (iii) small firms with high values have wealthier managers, and these managers do not fully diversify their portfolios, so that the aforementioned statistical finding is merely a "wealth effect." A number of tests are performed on the implications of these hypotheses, with no single hypothesis by itself being fully consistent with the data. Insider holdings do appear to be a signal of firm value, but the wealth effect magnifies the relation. No evidence is found supporting the agency hypothesis.
To our knowledge, this item is not available for
download. To find whether it is available, there are three
1. Check below under "Related research" whether another version of this item is available online.
2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.
|Date of creation:|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: |
Phone: (215) 898-7616
Fax: (215) 573-8084
Web page: http://finance.wharton.upenn.edu/~rlwctr/Email:
More information through EDIRC
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:fth:pennfi:15-81. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Thomas Krichel)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.