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Toponymes et gentiles: vers un traitement automatique relationnel


  • Piton, O.
  • Maurel, D.
  • Belleil, C.


En traitement automatique de la langue naturelle, l'analyse lexicale d'un texte est faite a partir de dictionnaires electroniques. Ceux-ci comportent tres peu de Noms Propres. Un travail de collecte des toponymes (noms de lieux) et gentiles (noms d'habitants) pour la France a ete mene. 55508 noms propres, auxquels il faut ajouter les liens entre ces noms, ont ete collectis dans une base de donnees dont le schema traduit l'organisation hierarchique francaise. Parallelement, des toponymes associes aux subdivisions administratives des 190 autres pays independants ont ete collectes et ont conduit a une transformation du schema de la base de donnees. Les textes etudies le sont a partir d'un transducteur a nombre fini d'etats construit a partir de la base. Il permet d'interpreter dhs la lecture du texte les relations entre toponymes ou entre toponymes et gentiles.

Suggested Citation

  • Piton, O. & Maurel, D. & Belleil, C., 1998. "Toponymes et gentiles: vers un traitement automatique relationnel," Papiers d'Economie Mathématique et Applications 98.67, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
  • Handle: RePEc:fth:pariem:98.67

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Dekel, Eddie, 1989. "Asset Demands without the Independence Axiom," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 57(1), pages 163-169, January.
    2. Chateauneuf, Alain, 1991. "On the use of capacities in modeling uncertainty aversion and risk aversion," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(4), pages 343-369.
    3. Chateauneuf, Alain & Dana, Rose-Anne & Tallon, Jean-Marc, 2000. "Optimal risk-sharing rules and equilibria with Choquet-expected-utility," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 191-214, October.
    4. Wakker, Peter, 1990. "Characterizing optimism and pessimism directly through comonotonicity," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 453-463, December.
    5. Schmeidler, David, 1989. "Subjective Probability and Expected Utility without Additivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 57(3), pages 571-587, May.
    6. Gerard Debreu & Tjalling C. Koopmans, 1980. "Additively Decomposed Quasiconvex Functions," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 574, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    7. Larry Epstein, 1997. "Uncertainty Aversion," Working Papers epstein-97-01, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
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    JEL classification:

    • C10 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - General
    • C80 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - General


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