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Efficient Environmental Policy with Imperfect Compliance

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  • Sandmo, A.

Abstract

Discussions of efficient environmental policy tend to recommend taxes rather than quotas on grounds of efficiency; a uniform tax will equlize marginal abatement cost between polluters. When polluters' actions are imperfectly observable, the distinction between taxes and quotas becomes less clear. Taxes may be evaded by underreporting of emissions, while quota violations will not always be discovered. This paper explores the conditions under which the efficiency properties of taxes will continue to hold even when evasion is possible.

Suggested Citation

  • Sandmo, A., 1998. "Efficient Environmental Policy with Imperfect Compliance," Papers 8/98, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration-.
  • Handle: RePEc:fth:norgee:8/98
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    ENVIRONMENT ; TAXATION;

    JEL classification:

    • D62 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Externalities
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • H26 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Tax Evasion and Avoidance

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