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Count Data Models with Viriance of Unknown Form - An Application to a Hedonic Model of Worker Absenteeism

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  • Delgado, M.A.
  • Kniesner, T.J.

Abstract

We examined an econometric model of counts of worker absences due to illness. The underlying theoretical model is of a sluggishly adjusting hedonic labor market. We compared results fromı three parametric estimators, nonlinear least squares plus Poissonand negative binomial pseudo maximum likelihood, to generalized least squares using nonparametric estimates of the conditional variance. Our data support the hedonic model of worker absenteeism. Semiparametric generalized least squares coefficients are similar in sign, magnitude, and statistical significance to their econometric analogs where the mean and variance of the errors were specified ex ante. Overdispersion test reject the Poisson specification. Robustness checks confirm that in our dataı parameter estimates are sensitive to regressor list but are not sensitive to econometric technique, including how we corrected for possible heteroskedasticity of unknown form.
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Suggested Citation

  • Delgado, M.A. & Kniesner, T.J., 1994. "Count Data Models with Viriance of Unknown Form - An Application to a Hedonic Model of Worker Absenteeism," Papers 94-011, Indiana - Center for Econometric Model Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:fth:indian:94-011
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    Cited by:

    1. Carlos GARCÍA-SERRANO & Miguel Á. MALO, 2014. "How disability affects absenteeism: An empirical analysis for six European countries," International Labour Review, International Labour Organization, vol. 153(3), pages 455-471, September.
    2. Ilias Livanos & Alexandros Zangelidis, 2013. "Unemployment, Labor Market Flexibility, and Absenteeism: A Pan-European Study," Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52(2), pages 492-515, April.
    3. Jérôme Foncel & Marian Hristache & Valentin Patilea, 2004. "Semiparametric Single-index Poisson Regression Model with Unobserved Heterogeneity," Working Papers 2004-04, Center for Research in Economics and Statistics.
    4. Susi Störmer & Ren順ahr, 2013. "Individual determinants of work attendance: evidence on the role of personality," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(19), pages 2863-2875, July.
    5. René Böheim & Thomas Leoni, 2020. "Do Employees’ Sickness Absences React to a Change in Costs for Firms? Evidence from a Natural Experiment," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 122(2), pages 553-581, April.
    6. Nicolas R. Ziebarth & Martin Karlsson, 2014. "The Effects Of Expanding The Generosity Of The Statutory Sickness Insurance System," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 29(2), pages 208-230, March.
    7. Álvarez, Begoña, 1998. "La demanda atendida de consultas médicas y atención urgente," DE - Documentos de Trabajo. Economía. DE 3890, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía.
    8. Georges Dionne & Benoit Dostie, 2007. "New Evidence on the Determinants of Absenteeism Using Linked Employer-Employee Data," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 61(1), pages 108-120, October.
    9. Melvyn Coles & Joseph Lanfranchi & Ali Skalli & John Treble, 2007. "Pay, Technology, And The Cost Of Worker Absence," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 45(2), pages 268-285, April.
    10. Stefan Boes, 2010. "Count Data Models with Correlated Unobserved Heterogeneity," Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, Danish Society for Theoretical Statistics;Finnish Statistical Society;Norwegian Statistical Association;Swedish Statistical Association, vol. 37(3), pages 382-402, September.
    11. Mnasri, Ayman & Nechi, Salem, 2021. "New nonlinear estimators of the gravity equation," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 192-202.
    12. Bharati Basu & Felix Famoye, 2004. "Domestic violence against women, and their economic dependence: A count data analysis," Review of Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(4), pages 457-472.
    13. Stefan Boes, 2004. "Empirical Likelihood in Count Data Models: The Case of Endogenous Regressors," SOI - Working Papers 0404, Socioeconomic Institute - University of Zurich.
    14. Garcia-Serrano, Carlos & Malo, Miguel A., 2008. "The influence of disability on absenteeism: an empirical analysis using Spanish data," ISER Working Paper Series 2008-29, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
    15. Harald Pfeifer, 2014. "Absenteeism in Apprenticeships: What Role Do Works Councils Play?," Economics of Education Working Paper Series 0098, University of Zurich, Department of Business Administration (IBW), revised Aug 2015.
    16. C Green & M Navarro Paniagua, 2010. "Does Raising the School Leaving Age Reduce Teacher Effort? A Note from a Policy Experiment," Working Papers 609674, Lancaster University Management School, Economics Department.
    17. Georges Dionne & Benoit Dostie, 2008. "Correlated Poisson Processes with Unobserved Heterogeneity: Estimating the Determinants of Paid and Unpaid Leave," Cahiers de recherche 08-07, HEC Montréal, Institut d'économie appliquée.
    18. Naci Mocan & Duha T. Altindag, 2013. "Salaries and Work Effort: An Analysis of the European Union Parliamentarians," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 123(12), pages 1130-1167, December.
    19. Keefer, Quinn A.W., 2019. "Decision-maker beliefs and the sunk-cost fallacy: Major League Baseball’s final-offer salary arbitration and utilization," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 75(PB).
    20. Álvarez, Begoña & Delgado, Miguel A., 1997. "Nonparametric checks for count data models: an application to demand for health care in Spain," DES - Working Papers. Statistics and Econometrics. WS 4547, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Estadística.
    21. Bradley, Steve & Green, Colin & Leeves, Gareth, 2007. "Worker absence and shirking: Evidence from matched teacher-school data," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 319-334, June.
    22. Stefan Boes, 2007. "Count Data Models with Unobserved Heterogeneity: An Empirical Likelihood Approach," SOI - Working Papers 0704, Socioeconomic Institute - University of Zurich.
    23. Begoña Álvarez, 2001. "La demanda atendida de consultas médicas y servicios urgentes en España," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 25(1), pages 93-138, January.

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    labour market ; absenteeism;

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