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Optimal Regulation of Bank Capital and Liquidity: How to Calibrate New International Standards

Author

Listed:
  • Ray Barrell

    (National Institute of Economic and Social Research)

  • E Philip Davis

    (National Institute of Economic and Social Research and Brunel University)

  • Tatiana Fic

    (National Institute of Economic and Social Research)

  • Dawn Holland

    (National Institute of Economic and Social Research)

  • Simon Kirby

    (National Institute of Economic and Social Research)

  • Iana Liadze

    (National Institute of Economic and Social Research)

Abstract

Raising capital adequacy standards and introducing binding liquidity requirements can have beneficial effects if they reduce the probability of a costly financial crisis, but may also reduce GDP by raising borrowing costs for households and companies. In this paper, we estimate both benefits and costs of raising capital and liquidity, with the benefits being in terms of reduction in the probability of banking crises, while the costs are defined in terms of the economic impact of higher spreads for bank customers. We note that both of these results are contrary to the Modigliani-Miller theorem of irrelevance of the debt-equity choice. The result shows a positive net benefit from regulatory tightening, for a range of 2-6 percentage points increase in capital and liquidity ratios, depending on underlying assumptions.

Suggested Citation

  • Ray Barrell & E Philip Davis & Tatiana Fic & Dawn Holland & Simon Kirby & Iana Liadze, 2009. "Optimal Regulation of Bank Capital and Liquidity: How to Calibrate New International Standards," Occasional Papers 38, Financial Services Authority.
  • Handle: RePEc:fsa:occpap:38
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    File URL: http://www.fsa.gov.uk/pubs/occpapers/op38.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. International Monetary Fund, 2011. "France; Selected Issues Paper," IMF Staff Country Reports 11/212, International Monetary Fund.
    2. Maria Abascal & Luis Carranza Ugarte & Mayte Ledo & Arnoldo Lopez Marmolejo, 2011. "Impact of Financial Regulation on Emerging Countries," Working Papers 1108, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department.
    3. repec:prg:jnlpep:v:preprint:id:529 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Athanasoglou, Panayiotis P. & Daniilidis, Ioannis & Delis, Manthos D., 2014. "Bank procyclicality and output: Issues and policies," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 58-83.
    5. David Miles & Jing Yang & Gilberto Marcheggiano, 2013. "Optimal Bank Capital," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 123(567), pages 1-37, March.
    6. Jochen Schanz & David Aikman & Paul Collazos & Marc Farag & David Gregory & Sujit Kapadia, 2011. "The long-term economic impact of higher capital levels," BIS Papers chapters,in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Macroprudential regulation and policy, volume 60, pages 73-81 Bank for International Settlements.
    7. Pavla Vodová, 2015. "To Lend or to Borrow on the Interbank Market: What Matters for Commercial Banks in the Visegrad Countries," Prague Economic Papers, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2015(6), pages 662-677.
    8. Oriol Carreras & E Philip Davis & Rebecca Piggott, 2016. "Macroprudential tools, transmission and modelling," National Institute of Economic and Social Research (NIESR) Discussion Papers 470, National Institute of Economic and Social Research.
    9. repec:agr:journl:v:9(586):y:2013:i:9(586):p:145-167 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Peter Andrews, 2011. "Economic Evidence and Financial Regulation," Chapters,in: The Financial Crisis and the Regulation of Finance, chapter 4 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    11. Iana Liadze & Ray Barrell & Professor E. Philip Davis, 2010. "Calibrating macroprudential policy," National Institute of Economic and Social Research (NIESR) Discussion Papers 354, National Institute of Economic and Social Research.
    12. de-Ramon, Sebastián & Iscenko, Zanna & Osborne, Matthew & Straughan, Michael & Andrews, Peter, 2012. "Measuring the impact of prudential policy on the macroeconomy: A practical application to Basel III and other responses to the financial crisis," MPRA Paper 69423, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Corder, Matthew & Weale, Martin, 2011. "Banking crises and recessions: what can leading indicators tell us?," Discussion Papers 33, Monetary Policy Committee Unit, Bank of England.
    14. Emanuel Kopp & Christian Ragacs & Stefan W. Schmitz, 2010. "The Economic Impact of Measures Aimed at Strengthening Bank Resilience – Estimates for Austria," Financial Stability Report, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 20, pages 86-114.
    15. Bergin, Adele & Conroy, Niall & Garcia Rodriguez, Abian & Holland, Dawn & McInerney, Niall & Morgenroth, Edgar & Smith, Donal, 2017. "COSMO: A new COre Structural MOdel for Ireland," Papers WP553, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    16. Robert-Paul Berben & Beata Bierut & Jan Willem van den End & Jan Kakes, 2010. "Macro-effects of higher capital and liquidity requirements for banks," DNB Occasional Studies 803, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    17. Dr Katerina Lisenkova & Iana Liadze & Dr Ian Hurst, 2014. "Overview of the NiGEM-S Model: Scottish version of the National Institute Global Econometric Model," National Institute of Economic and Social Research (NIESR) Discussion Papers 422, National Institute of Economic and Social Research.
    18. Ryo Kato & Shun Kobayashi & Yumi Saita, 2010. "Calibrating the Level of Capital: The Way We See It," Bank of Japan Working Paper Series 10-E-6, Bank of Japan.
    19. Panayiotis P. Athanasoglou & Ioannis Daniilidis, 2011. "Procyclicality in the banking industry: causes, consequences and response," Working Papers 139, Bank of Greece.
    20. T. Duprey & M. Lé, 2014. "Bank Capital Adjustment Process and Aggregate Lending," Working papers 499, Banque de France.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    bank; capital; financial regulation; prudential policy; credit; lending;

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