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Participation in Global Value Chains: macro and micro evidence for North Africa


  • Davide Del Prete
  • Giorgia Giovannetti

    () (Dipartimento di Scienze per l'Economia e l'Impresa)

  • Enrico Marvasi

    () (Dipartimento di Scienze per l'Economia e l'Impresa)


This paper analyzes North African countries' participation into international production networks and estimates if/to what extent being part of a global value chain affects firms' performance. Using new Input-Output data from UNCTAD-Eora, we describe regional and country GVC participation. Results show that North African countries have not been able so far to integrate into international production networks. However, large part of their (low) trade is due to global value chains related activties, mainly in the upstream phases, and the importance of global linkages has been increasing over time. To better understand the impact of international fragmentation of production, we perform a micro, firm-level analysis. We show that firms' performance, measured by several indicators, is positively associated with internationalization modes as well as GVC participation. These results confirm those of our sectoral analyses and are in line with existing anecdotal evidence. Enhancing GVC participation of North African countries is likely to substantially benefit the area. However, the ability to retain such benefits relies on specific characteristics, such as the level of human capital, the logistics, the presence of trade barriers, thus leaving room for policy intervention.

Suggested Citation

  • Davide Del Prete & Giorgia Giovannetti & Enrico Marvasi, 2015. "Participation in Global Value Chains: macro and micro evidence for North Africa," Working Papers - Economics wp2015_11.rdf, Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Scienze per l'Economia e l'Impresa.
  • Handle: RePEc:frz:wpaper:wp2015_11.rdf

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    Cited by:

    1. Marion Dovis & Chahir Zaki, 2018. "Global Value Chains and Business Environment: Which Factors Do Really Matter?," Working Papers 1270, Economic Research Forum, revised 19 Dec 2018.

    More about this item


    global value chains; firms' heterogeneity; North Africa;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance

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