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The impact of India’s farm science centers (Krishi Vigyan Kendras) on farm households’ economic welfare: Evidence from a national farmers survey:

Author

Listed:
  • Kumar, Anjani
  • Singh, A. K.
  • Saroj, Sunil
  • Madhavan M., Misha
  • Joshi, Pramod Kumar

Abstract

The paper examines the impact of access to India’s farm science centers (Krishi Vigyan Kendras, or KVKs) on agricultural households’ welfare using household-level data from the nationally representative Situation Assessment Survey of Agricultural Households conducted by India’s National Sample Survey Office in 2013. Employing different matching techniques and endogenous switching regression models, we find that the KVKs have a positive and statistically significant impact on agricultural households’ economic welfare, although that impact is heterogeneous. Further, the investments made in expansion of India’s network of KVKs have been quite remunerative, as the benefit-to-cost ratio of expenditure on KVKs ranges from 8 to 12. Moreover, our findings suggest that expanding rural formal credit markets and promoting literacy can maximize the potential impact of KVKs on agricultural households’ economic welfare.

Suggested Citation

  • Kumar, Anjani & Singh, A. K. & Saroj, Sunil & Madhavan M., Misha & Joshi, Pramod Kumar, 2019. "The impact of India’s farm science centers (Krishi Vigyan Kendras) on farm households’ economic welfare: Evidence from a national farmers survey:," IFPRI discussion papers 1832, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:ifprid:1832
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    Keywords

    INDIA; SOUTH ASIA; ASIA; agriculture; households; benefit-cost ratio; statistical methods; regression analysis; surveys; extension; impact assessment; extension systems; agricultural extension; farm science centers; agricultural households; economic welfare; ESR Model; PSM Model; Q12 Micro Analysis of Farm Firms; Farm Households; and Farm Input Markets; Q13 Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness; Q17 Agriculture in International Trade; Q18 Agricultural Policy; Food Policy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q13 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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