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Liquidity and Money Market Operations

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  • Charles Goodhart

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Abstract

The relative liquidity of financial assets is significantly influenced by the Central Bank’s willingness to buy such assets, or to accept them as collateral, in the course of providing additional cash to banks. Those assets which the Central Bank will deal in for such purposes become more liquid, and more marketable, than those that the Central Bank will not. When the banking system as a whole is short of cash, it has no other recourse than to go to the Central Bank for assistance. The Central Bank has to provide this, since otherwise interest rates will rise very sharply, given the banks’ inelastic demand for cash reserves. A Central Bank’s choice, in practice, is the price (interest rate) at which it will supply the requisite cash, not the volume of high-powered cash reserves to supply. Normally a Central Bank will supply just enough cash to hold very short-term (e.g. overnight) rates close to the policy rate, chosen generally on broad macro-economic grounds, e.g. to maintain medium-term price stability.

Suggested Citation

  • Charles Goodhart, 2008. "Liquidity and Money Market Operations," FMG Special Papers sp179, Financial Markets Group.
  • Handle: RePEc:fmg:fmgsps:sp179
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    File URL: http://www.lse.ac.uk/fmg/documents/specialPapers/2008/sp179.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Alchian, Armen A & Klein, Benjamin, 1973. "On a Correct Measure of Inflation," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 5(1), pages 173-191, Part I Fe.
    2. Murphy, Antoin E, 1978. "Money in an Economy without Banks: The Case of Ireland," The Manchester School of Economic & Social Studies, University of Manchester, vol. 46(1), pages 41-50, March.
    3. De Bandt, Olivier & Hartmann, Philipp, 2000. "Systemic risk: A survey," Working Paper Series 0035, European Central Bank.
    4. Mishkin, Frederic S, 1992. "Anatomy of a Financial Crisis," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 2(2), pages 115-130, August.
    5. Fan, Wei & White, Michelle J, 2003. "Personal Bankruptcy and the Level of Entrepreneurial Activity," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 46(2), pages 543-567, October.
    6. Demsetz, Harold, 1969. "Information and Efficiency: Another Viewpoint," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 12(1), pages 1-22, April.
    7. Garry J. Schinasi, 2003. "Responsibility of Central Banks for Stability in Financial Markets," IMF Working Papers 03/121, International Monetary Fund.
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    Cited by:

    1. Adam Gersl & Zlatuse Komarkova & Lubos Komarek, 2016. "Liquidity Stress Testing with Second-Round Effects: Application to the Czech Banking Sector," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 66(1), pages 32-49, February.

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