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Expanding the Toolkit: Facilities Established to Respond to the COVID-19 Pandemic

Author

Listed:
  • Anna Kovner
  • Antoine Martin

Abstract

The Federal Reserve’s response to the coronavirus pandemic has been unprecedented in its size and scope. In a matter of months, the Fed has, among other things, cut the federal funds rate to the zero lower bound, purchased a large amount of Treasury securities and agency mortgage‑backed securities (MBS) and, together with the U.S. Treasury, introduced several lending facilities. Some of these facilities are very similar to ones introduced during the 2007-09 financial crisis while others are completely new. In this post, we argue that the new facilities, while unprecedented, are a natural extension of the Fed’s toolkit, as they operate through similar economic mechanisms to prevent self-reinforcing bad outcomes. We also explain why these new facilities are particularly useful as part of the response to the pandemic, which is an economic shock very different from a financial crisis.

Suggested Citation

  • Anna Kovner & Antoine Martin, 2020. "Expanding the Toolkit: Facilities Established to Respond to the COVID-19 Pandemic," Liberty Street Economics 20200922, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fednls:88745
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Federal Reserve; pandemic; COVID-19; facilities;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit

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