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Labor Force Exits Are Complicating Unemployment Rate Forecasts

Author

Listed:
  • Josiah Bethards
  • Richard Peach
  • Joseph Song

Abstract

What will the unemployment rate be in 2013? Even if you were certain how much the U.S. economy (gross domestic product, or GDP) would grow over the next year or two, it would still be difficult to forecast the unemployment rate over that period. The link between GDP growth and unemployment is complex in part because it depends on how many people decide to work or look for work?that is, the labor force participation rate. In this post, we discuss the recent steep decline in the labor force participation rate and explain how uncertainty regarding the future path of that variable contributes to conflicting views about the future path of the unemployment rate.

Suggested Citation

  • Josiah Bethards & Richard Peach & Joseph Song, 2011. "Labor Force Exits Are Complicating Unemployment Rate Forecasts," Liberty Street Economics 20111228, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fednls:86782
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    Keywords

    forecasting; labor force participation rate; unemployment rate;

    JEL classification:

    • J00 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - General

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