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Fiscal policy, specialization, and trade in the two-sector model: the return of Ricardo?


  • Marianne Baxter


This paper develops a two-sector neoclassical model of international trade with endogenous capital accumulation and intertemporal optimization. In contrast to the traditional 2x2x2 model, there is a Ricardian implication that countries specialize according to comparative advantage. Consequently, the theory predicts that government expenditure policies are unlikely to affect the established pattern of specialization and trade, but that changes in tax policies can result in a dramatic reorganization of world production. Further, the dynamic 2x2x2 model can explain many of the salient features of international trade that are problematic for the standard Heckscher-Ohlin-Samuelson model.

Suggested Citation

  • Marianne Baxter, 1991. "Fiscal policy, specialization, and trade in the two-sector model: the return of Ricardo?," Discussion Paper / Institute for Empirical Macroeconomics 56, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedmem:56

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    Fiscal policy; International trade;


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