IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/fie/wpaper/0610.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Le contenu, les processus et les conditions organisationnelles de la transmission des savoir-faire. Les apports d’une étude empirique menée au sein des cristalleries lorraines

Author

Listed:
  • Delphine Wannenmacher

Abstract

L’objectif de notre recherche est de mettre en évidence le contenu, les processus et les conditions organisationnelles de la transmission des savoir-faire de production. Notre problématique a émergé à partir de la confrontation des résultats issus respectivement d’une étude documentaire et d’une étude empirique exploratoire (toutes les deux effectuées dans le cadre d’un contrat de recherche, portant sur l’industrie du verre et du cristal à la main en Lorraine). Les méthodes qualitatives (entretiens et observations menées au sein de cristalleries lorraines, monographie de l’entreprise Cristalorr, analyse de contenu thématique) ont été privilégiées dans un cadre épistémo-méthodologique relevant de la « grounded theory » et du paradigme interprétativiste. Les nombreuses itérations entre terrain et théorie ont permis d’aboutir aux principaux résultats suivants. D’une part, la définition des savoir-faire de production semble dépendre fortement du contexte en général, et des conditions de production en particulier (développement d’habiletés cognitives plutôt que d’automatismes dans le contexte actuel : activité faible, niveau de qualité exigée élevé, petites séries). D’autre part, le transfert de ces habiletés passe notamment par des processus d’observation, d’imitation, et de pratique (répétition du geste). Enfin, trois conditions organisationnelles doivent être réunies pour prétendre à une pérennisation en interne des savoir-faire de production à long terme : des politiques de GRH contingentes (qui prennent en compte certains facteurs de l’environnement mais aussi et surtout la spécificité des ressources humaines), des politiques de GRH cohérentes (entre elles et avec le transfert des savoir-faire) et le maintien d’un compromis entre les différents « mondes » de l’entreprise autour de la sauvegarde des savoir-faire traditionnels (ce compromis étant analysé à partir de la perspective des Economies de la Grandeur).

Suggested Citation

  • Delphine Wannenmacher, 2006. "Le contenu, les processus et les conditions organisationnelles de la transmission des savoir-faire. Les apports d’une étude empirique menée au sein des cristalleries lorraines," Cahiers du CEREFIGE 0610, CEREFIGE (Centre Europeen de Recherche en Economie Financiere et Gestion des Entreprises), Universite de Lorraine, revised 2006.
  • Handle: RePEc:fie:wpaper:0610
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.univ-nancy2.fr/CEREFIGE/realisations/cahiers/cahier2006/cahierde%20echerche_10_wannenmacher.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2006
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Harrison Hong & Terence Lim & Jeremy C. Stein, 2000. "Bad News Travels Slowly: Size, Analyst Coverage, and the Profitability of Momentum Strategies," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 55(1), pages 265-295, February.
    2. De Long, J Bradford, et al, 1990. " Positive Feedback Investment Strategies and Destabilizing Rational Speculation," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 45(2), pages 379-395, June.
    3. Dilip Abreu & Markus K. Brunnermeier, 2003. "Bubbles and Crashes," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(1), pages 173-204, January.
    4. C. H. Hommes, 2001. "Financial markets as nonlinear adaptive evolutionary systems," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 1(1), pages 149-167.
    5. K. Geert Rouwenhorst, 1998. "International Momentum Strategies," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 53(1), pages 267-284, February.
    6. Abreu, Dilip & Brunnermeier, Markus K., 2002. "Synchronization risk and delayed arbitrage," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(2-3), pages 341-360.
    7. John A. Doukas & Phillip J. McKnight, 2005. "European Momentum Strategies, Information Diffusion, and Investor Conservatism," European Financial Management, European Financial Management Association, vol. 11(3), pages 313-338.
    8. Kent Daniel & David Hirshleifer & Avanidhar Subrahmanyam, 1998. "Investor Psychology and Security Market Under- and Overreactions," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 53(6), pages 1839-1885, December.
    9. Barberis, Nicholas & Shleifer, Andrei & Vishny, Robert, 1998. "A model of investor sentiment," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(3), pages 307-343, September.
    10. De Bondt, Werner F M & Thaler, Richard H, 1987. " Further Evidence on Investor Overreaction and Stock Market Seasonalit y," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 42(3), pages 557-581, July.
    11. Farmer, J. Doyne & Joshi, Shareen, 2002. "The price dynamics of common trading strategies," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 49(2), pages 149-171, October.
    12. Lux, Thomas, 1998. "The socio-economic dynamics of speculative markets: interacting agents, chaos, and the fat tails of return distributions," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 143-165, January.
    13. Frank Westerhoff, 2003. "Market-maker, inventory control and foreign exchange dynamics," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 3(5), pages 363-369.
    14. Harrison Hong & Jeremy C. Stein, 1999. "A Unified Theory of Underreaction, Momentum Trading, and Overreaction in Asset Markets," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 54(6), pages 2143-2184, December.
    15. Kent D. Daniel, 2001. "Overconfidence, Arbitrage, and Equilibrium Asset Pricing," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 56(3), pages 921-965, June.
    16. repec:hrv:faseco:30747159 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. De Grauwe, Paul & Grimaldi, Marianna, 2005. "Heterogeneity of agents, transactions costs and the exchange rate," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 29(4), pages 691-719, April.
    18. De Bondt, Werner F M & Thaler, Richard, 1985. " Does the Stock Market Overreact?," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 40(3), pages 793-805, July.
    19. Beja, Avraham & Goldman, M Barry, 1980. " On the Dynamic Behavior of Prices in Disequilibrium," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 35(2), pages 235-248, May.
    20. Lux, Thomas, 1995. "Herd Behaviour, Bubbles and Crashes," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 105(431), pages 881-896, July.
    21. Narasimhan Jegadeesh, 2001. "Profitability of Momentum Strategies: An Evaluation of Alternative Explanations," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 56(2), pages 699-720, April.
    22. Chan, Louis K C & Jegadeesh, Narasimhan & Lakonishok, Josef, 1996. " Momentum Strategies," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 51(5), pages 1681-1713, December.
    23. Mannaro, Katiuscia & Marchesi, Michele & Setzu, Alessio, 2008. "Using an artificial financial market for assessing the impact of Tobin-like transaction taxes," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 67(2), pages 445-462, August.
    24. Jegadeesh, Narasimhan & Titman, Sheridan, 1993. " Returns to Buying Winners and Selling Losers: Implications for Stock Market Efficiency," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 48(1), pages 65-91, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:fie:wpaper:0610. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Sebastien Liarte). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/grnanfr.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.