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Eficiência e produtividade total dos fatores em Minas Gerais

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  • Ferreira, Pedro Cavalcanti

Abstract

Este trabalho estuda a eficiência produtiva do estado de Minas Gerais, analisando a evolução e a situação comparativa de sua produtividade total dos fatores (PTF). Mostramos que o estado seguiu a tendência geral do país de queda da PTF e que para qualquer uma das medidas que construímos, a PTF no estado é inferior a dos estados do Sul e é superior a dos estados do Nordeste, o que o coloca como um estado de fronteira em termos de eficiência. Nossa evidência é que a baixa produtividade por trabalhador é a principal causa do atraso. Um trabalhador médio de SP ou RJ produz mais que 60% que aquele de MG. Em uma simulação mostramos que o produto do estado seria 41% maior se ele fosse tão eficiente quanto São Paulo, mas somente 9% mais rico se possuísse o mesmo nível de capital por trabalhador. Isto é, a diferença de insumos, embora relevante, não é gritante. Possíveis causas seriam a baixa produtividade agrícola, a elevada informalidade, má infra-estrutura e menor educação.

Suggested Citation

  • Ferreira, Pedro Cavalcanti, 2010. "Eficiência e produtividade total dos fatores em Minas Gerais," FGV/EPGE Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 705, FGV/EPGE - Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  • Handle: RePEc:fgv:epgewp:705
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