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O Brasil precisa de política industrial? De que tipo?

  • Pinheiro, Maurício Canêdo
  • Pessoa, Samuel de Abreu
  • Oliveira, Luiz Guilherme Schymura de

Este trabalho discute a conveniência do uso de políticas industrias no Brasil. Argumenta-se que o sucesso dos países do Leste Asiático, muitas vezes relacionado ao uso de política industrial (PI), é resultado principalmente de políticas horizontais. Além disso, aponta-se que a maioria dos argumentos utilizados para justificar a adoção de PI carece de fundamentação teórica e empírica e que PI deve ser motivada por algum tipo de falha de mercado. Nesse sentido, faz-se uma breve descrição das falhas de mercado que teoricamente justificariam algum tipo de PI, avalia-se a relevância empírica destas falhas e quais as ferramentas de intervenção seriam mais adequadas (se for o caso). A partir disso, avalia-se a atual política industrial brasileira, tal como descrita em Brasil (2003). Por fim, conclui-se que políticas horizontais, além de estarem menos sujeitas à pressão de grupos organizados, possuem maior potencial para impulsionar o crescimento econômico brasileiro.

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Paper provided by FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil) in its series Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) with number 627.

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Date of creation: 01 Oct 2006
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Handle: RePEc:fgv:epgewp:627
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