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Agregação temporal e não-linearidade afetam os testes da paridade do poder de compra: evidência a partir de dados brasileiros

Listed author(s):
  • Simões, Oscar Rodrigues
  • Marçal, Emerson Fernandes

Este artigo analisa as séries de câmbio real brasileira calculada a partir de índices de preços ao consumidor para o Brasil e 21 parceiros comerciais no período de 1957 a 2010. O primeiro objetivo deste trabalho será o de avaliar a validade da Paridade do Poder de Compra (PPC) entre Brasil e seus parceiros comerciais através de diversos testes de raiz unitária (ADF, PP, KPSS, Kapetanios et al. (2003) e Bierens (1997)). O segundo objetivo consiste em investigar a hipótese de Taylor (2001) de que a meia-vida é superestimada quando os dados das séries são construídos a partir de um mecanismo de agregação temporal pela média e cujo processo gerador dos dados é linear. O trabalho apresenta elementos para confirmar o argumento de Taylor (2001) de que agregação temporal causa sérias distorções na estimação da meia-vida dos choques da PPC. Os resultados dos testes de raiz unitária lineares (PP e ADF) são desfavoráveis a PPC. Já o teste KPSS, de Kapetanios et al. (2003) e de Bierens (1997) aplicados a base sem agregação temporal sugerem um cenário bem mais favorável a PPC.

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Paper provided by FGV/EESP - Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil) in its series Textos para discussão with number 310.

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Date of creation: 05 Jul 2012
Handle: RePEc:fgv:eesptd:310
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  1. Denisard Alves & Regina Celia Cati & Vera Lucia Fava, 2001. "Purchasing power parity in Brazil: a test for fractional cointegration," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(9), pages 1175-1185.
  2. Pereira, Pedro L. Valls & Holland, Márcio, 1999. "Taxa de Câmbio Real e Paridade de Poder de Compra no Brasil," Revista Brasileira de Economia - RBE, FGV/EPGE - Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil), vol. 53(3), July.
  3. Palaia, Daniel Rodolfo Antonelli & Brito, Márcio Holland de, 2010. "Paridade de poder de compra no Brasil: uma análise econométrica com quebra estrutural," Textos para discussão 228, Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
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  5. Alan M. Taylor & Mark P. Taylor, 2004. "The Purchasing Power Parity Debate," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 18(4), pages 135-158, Fall.
  6. Froot, Kenneth A. & Rogoff, Kenneth, 1995. "Perspectives on PPP and long-run real exchange rates," Handbook of International Economics, in: G. M. Grossman & K. Rogoff (ed.), Handbook of International Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 32, pages 1647-1688 Elsevier.
  7. Cristiano Silveira Freixo & Fernando de Holanda Barbosa, 2004. "Paridade do Poder de Compra: O Modelo de Reversão Não Linear para o Brasil," Economia, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics], vol. 5(3), pages 75-116.
  8. Perron, Pierre & Vogelsang, Timothy J, 1992. "Nonstationarity and Level Shifts with an Application to Purchasing Power Parity," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 10(3), pages 301-320, July.
  9. Marçal, Emerson Fernandes & Pereira, Pedro Luiz Valls & Filho, Otaviano Canuto dos Santos, 2003. "Paridade do Poder de Compra: Testando Dados Brasileiros," Revista Brasileira de Economia - RBE, FGV/EPGE - Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil), vol. 57(1), January.
  10. Terra, Cristina & Vahia, Ana Lucia, 2008. "A note Purchasing Power Parity and The Choice of Price Index," Revista Brasileira de Economia - RBE, FGV/EPGE - Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil), vol. 62(1), September.
  11. Smith, A A, Jr, 1993. "Estimating Nonlinear Time-Series Models Using Simulated Vector Autoregressions," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 8(S), pages 63-84, Suppl. De.
  12. Michael, Panos & Nobay, A Robert & Peel, David A, 1997. "Transactions Costs and Nonlinear Adjustment in Real Exchange Rates: An Empirical Investigation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(4), pages 862-879, August.
  13. Gourieroux, C & Monfort, A & Renault, E, 1993. "Indirect Inference," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 8(S), pages 85-118, Suppl. De.
  14. Ahmad, Yamin & Craighead, William D., 2011. "Temporal aggregation and purchasing power parity persistence," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 817-830, September.
  15. Gregory, Allan W. & Hansen, Bruce E., 1996. "Residual-based tests for cointegration in models with regime shifts," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 99-126, January.
  16. de Jong, Robert M. & Amsler, Christine & Schmidt, Peter, 2007. "A robust version of the KPSS test based on indicators," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 137(2), pages 311-333, April.
  17. Gregory, Allan W. & Hansen, Bruce E., 1996. "Residual-based tests for cointegration in models with regime shifts," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 99-126, January.
  18. Rudiger Dornbusch, 1985. "Purchasing Power Parity," NBER Working Papers 1591, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  19. Johansen, Soren, 1988. "Statistical analysis of cointegration vectors," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 12(2-3), pages 231-254.
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