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A MERGE Model with Endogenous Technological Change and the Cost of Carbon Stabilization

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  • Socrates Kypreos

    (Paul Scherrer Institute)

Abstract

Two stylized backstop systems with endogenous technological learning formulations (ETL) are introduced in MERGE: one for the electric and the other for the non-electric markets. Then the model is applied to analyze the impacts of ETL on carbon-mitigation policy, contrasting the resulting impacts with the situation without learning. As the model considers endogenous technological change in the energy sector only some exogenous key parameters defining the production function are varied together with the assumed learning rates to check the robustness of our results. Based on model estimations and the sensitivity analyses we conclude that increased commitments for the development of new technologies to advance along their learning curves has a potential for substantial reductions in the cost of climate mitigation helping to reach safe concentrations of carbon in the atmosphere.

Suggested Citation

  • Socrates Kypreos, 2005. "A MERGE Model with Endogenous Technological Change and the Cost of Carbon Stabilization," Working Papers 2005.123, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  • Handle: RePEc:fem:femwpa:2005.123
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    Keywords

    Climate change stabilization policies; Non-linear optimization; Induced technological change; Energy and macroeconomy;

    JEL classification:

    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy

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