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Towards the Green Environment.Comparison of Environmental Impacts of Urban Public Transport and Automobiles


  • Michael Gommers

    (Netherlands Economic Institute)


This study compares the environmental impacts of urban public transport and automobiles (energy use, emissions, noise nuisance, waste materials and use of space). For this purpose two models have been developed FACTS-Urban (Forecasting air pollution by car traffic simulation) and MILOV (environmental impacts of PT). Current Dutch situation as well as future scenarios on the demand side and the (technological) supply side have been studied. Generally speaking PT (especially rail) is and will remain cleaner than the use of the car. However, the environmental advantage of Diesel buses over passenger cars is diminishing rapidly.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Gommers, 1999. "Towards the Green Environment.Comparison of Environmental Impacts of Urban Public Transport and Automobiles," Working Papers 1999.6, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  • Handle: RePEc:fem:femwpa:1999.6

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    Emissions; Public transport; Policy;

    JEL classification:

    • D62 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Externalities
    • L92 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Railroads and Other Surface Transportation
    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise
    • H53 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs

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