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Maurice Allais, itinéraire d’un économiste français

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  • Henri Sterdyniak

Abstract

L’oeuvre de Maurice Allais est abondante et protéiforme. Elle comporte des travaux d’économie théorique et d’économie appliquée comme des ouvrages de politique économique. Dans les années 1940, il établit rigoureusement les fondements de la théorie microéconomique néo-classique. C’est pour ces « contributions pionnières à la théorie des marchés et de l’utilisation efficace des ressources » qu’il obtient, 40 ans plus tard, le prix Nobel d’économie en 1988. En 1952 il remet en cause la théorie de la décision en avenir incertain, apparaissant ainsi comme le précurseur de la finance comportementale. Puis, il s’égare dans les arcanes de la « théorie héréditaire, relativiste et logistique de la demande de monnaie », s’isolant ainsi de la communauté scientifique internationale. Ses analyses le conduisent à préconiser, au nom du libéralisme, une réforme monétaire (le « 100 % monnaie »), l’attribution à l’Etat de toutes les rentes (par un impôt sur le capital) et l’indexation de toutes les créances. Après son prix Nobel, il se consacre à la lutte contre la mondialisation libérale et la construction européenne libre-échangiste, combat dont le lien avec ses travaux scientifiques ne va pas de soi.
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Suggested Citation

  • Henri Sterdyniak, 2009. "Maurice Allais, itinéraire d’un économiste français," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2009-23, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
  • Handle: RePEc:fce:doctra:0923
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    References listed on IDEAS

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