Taxation and Economic Efficiency: Results from a Canadian CGE Model
This paper introduces a dynamic general equilibrium tax model of the Canadian economy. The model incorporates each of the major taxes in Canada and features adjustment dynamics, intertemporal optimization, imperfect substitution between domestic and foreign goods and assets, and industry disaggregation. In addition to describing the model, this study uses it to compare the effects of different tax measures on the Canadian economy with a focus on measures that directly target investment and saving. Cette étude présente un modèle d’équilibre général dynamique de taxation de l’économie canadienne. Le modèle, qui incorpore les principales taxes canadienne, se caractérise, entre autres, par l’optimisation intertemporelle des agents, la substitution imparfaite entre biens et actifs de provenances domestique et étrangère, ainsi que par la désagrégation sectorielle de l’économie. Outre la description du modèle, l’étude compare les effets de différents instruments de taxation sur l’économie canadienne avec une emphase sur les instruments ciblant directement l’investissement et l’épargne.
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