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The Performance of Export Credit Agencies in Post-Communist Central European Countries

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Abstract

This paper is the first one to analyze official government export promotion in all four post-communist Central European Visegrad countries (Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia). Similar development of those economies in transition period after the fall of communism is described and their extremely fast and successful reorientation towards Western markets is emphasized. Nowadays each government in the region implements its own export strategy, where interestingly each country defines different priority territories for their export. The core of this paper is analysis of export credit agencies in Visegrad countries. Firstly we compare advantages and disadvantages of different forms of export credit agencies. Then we apply empirical data from international trade in gravity model framework and we conclude that the most e_ective type of export credit agency in Visegrad Four region is currently Polish KUKE which is an institution operating in the form of an insurance company. Other forms such as a bank and an institution providing both insurance and financing facilities are currently less effective. We confirm that smaller distance and higher GDP increase the amount of export in line with basic intuition of a gravity model of international trade.

Suggested Citation

  • Karel Janda & Eva Michalikova & Lucia Psenakova, 2013. "The Performance of Export Credit Agencies in Post-Communist Central European Countries," Working Papers IES 2013/10, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, revised Aug 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:fau:wpaper:wp2013_10
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    File URL: http://ies.fsv.cuni.cz/sci/publication/show/id/4867/lang/cs
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    Cited by:

    1. Janda, Karel, 2014. "Czech Export Credit Agencies and their Market Power," MPRA Paper 54097, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Karel Janda, 2014. "Export Credit Agencies in the Czech Republic and Their Market Power," CESifo Forum, Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 15(3), pages 45-51, August.
    3. Tinatin Akhvlediani & Katarzyna Śledziewska, . "The Impacts of Common Commercial Policy on Export Performances of Visegrad Countries," Prague Economic Papers, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 0, pages 1-16.
    4. Tinatin Akhvlediani & Katarzyna Śledziewska, 2017. "The Impacts of Common Commercial Policy on Export Performances of Visegrad Countries," Prague Economic Papers, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2017(1), pages 3-18.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    international trade; state promotion; export credit agencies; gravity model; Visegrad Group;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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