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Intensité et Structure du Chômage : Une Comparaison Européenne

Author

Listed:
  • Denis Anne

    (Lycée Notre-Dame de la Paix)

  • Yannick L’Horty

    () (EPEE-Université d’Evry-Val d’Essonne, Centre d’Etudes de l’Emploi)

Abstract

Pour expliquer les écarts de taux de chômage entre les 25 pays de l’Union européenne, nous distinguons des effets d’exposition et de composition sur la base d’un cellulage des populations actives selon le sexe, le niveau de diplôme et l’âge. L’exercice est réalisé avec les données des enquêtes Force de Travail de 2004 et de 1994 pour différents indicateurs : le taux de chômage et le taux de sous-emploi au sens du BIT, la part des chômeurs dans la population active, le taux d’emploi. La majeure partie des écarts entre pays européens s’explique par des différences d’exposition au chômage qui affectent simultanément l’ensemble des segments de la population active. Pour autant, les effets de composition ne sont pas négligeables. Si la France avait la composition de la maind’oeuvre du Royaume-Uni ou des pays du nord de l’Europe, son taux de chômage serait de façon comptable réduit d’un point. Si elle avait celle des pays du sud de l’Europe, la hausse de son taux de chômage serait comprise entre 1 point (Italie) et près de 3 points (Portugal). La France est surtout pénalisée par la part importante des peu diplômés et par un déficit de qualifications intermédiaires.

Suggested Citation

  • Denis Anne & Yannick L’Horty, 2006. "Intensité et Structure du Chômage : Une Comparaison Européenne," Documents de recherche 06-11, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.
  • Handle: RePEc:eve:wpaper:06-11
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    File URL: http://epee.univ-evry.fr/RePEc/2006/06-11.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Cited by:

    1. Bertrand Lhommeau & Véronique Rémy, 2009. "Les politiques d’allégements ont-elles un effet sur la mobilité salariale des travailleurs à bas salaire ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 429(1), pages 21-49.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Chômage; population active; effets de composition; comparaisons européennes;

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J82 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Labor Force Composition
    • P52 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Studies of Particular Economies

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