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RECAP15-Policy Brief 3: Gegenseitigkeit und Vertrauen als Erfolgsfaktoren der internationalen Klimapolitik / Reciprocity and Trust as Factors for Success in International Climate Policy

Author

Listed:
  • Friedel Bolle

    () (Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, European University Viadrina, Frankfurt (Oder))

  • Wolfgang Buchholz

    () (Department of Economics, University of Regensburg)

  • Wolfgang Peters

    () (Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, European University Viadrina, Frankfurt (Oder))

  • Reimund Schwarze

    (Europa University Viadrina and Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ))

  • Aneta Ufert

    () (Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, European University Viadrina, Frankfurt (Oder))

  • Patrick Vetter

    () (Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, European University Viadrina, Frankfurt (Oder))

  • Özgür Yildiz

    () (Technische Universität Berlin Fakultät VII - Wirtschaft und Management Fachgebiet Umweltökonomie und Wirtschaftspolitik Sekretariat H 50, Straße des 17. Juni 135, 10623 Berlin)

Abstract

Handlungsempfehlungen (deutsch): Gegenseitigkeit und Vertrauen können in verschiedener Weise den Abschluss internationaler Klimaschutzvereinbarungen fördern: 1. Klimapolitische Instrumente sollten derart gestaltet werden, dass sie mit dem Prinzip der Gegenseitigkeit („Reziprozität“) vereinbar sind. 2. Mechanismen der Kostenteilung bzw. des 'Matching' sind dazu geeignet, um die Anreize für uni- und multilateralen Klimaschutzaktivitäten zu erhöhen. 3. Ein hybrider Überwachungsmechanismus aus einseitigen, nationalen Berichtspflichten und einer unabhängigen externen Überprüfung erweist sich als optimale Strategie zur Festigung des Vertrauens. 4. Das vorherrschende Modell der Nationalberichte sollte schrittweise auf die Schaffung einer globalen, durch externe Beobachtungsmechanismen gestützten MRV-Architektur ausgebaut werden. 5. Die satellitengestützte Überwachung empfiehlt sich, da sie eine unabhängige, externe Kontrolle von Landnutzung und CO2-Emissionen mit technisch geringem Aufwand bei kontrollierbaren Unsicherheiten ermöglicht. Policy recommendations (english): Reciprocity and trust can facilitate multilateral agreements in various ways, if they are appropriately used: 1. Instruments for climate policy should be designed so that they are compatible with the principle of reciprocity. 2. Cost sharing and matching is recommended as these instruments increase the incentives for unilateral and multilateral climate protection activities. 3. A hybrid control mechanism consisting of unilateral reporting and an independent external verification proves to be the optimal strategy for fostering trust. 4. The current system based on national reporting should gradually be transformed into a MRV architecture based on external mechanisms. 5. Satellite-based monitoring is recommended, as it allows independent, external control of CO2 emissions at low cost and technical stability.

Suggested Citation

  • Friedel Bolle & Wolfgang Buchholz & Wolfgang Peters & Reimund Schwarze & Aneta Ufert & Patrick Vetter & Özgür Yildiz, 2015. "RECAP15-Policy Brief 3: Gegenseitigkeit und Vertrauen als Erfolgsfaktoren der internationalen Klimapolitik / Reciprocity and Trust as Factors for Success in International Climate Policy," Discussion Paper Series RECAP15 19, RECAP15, European University Viadrina, Frankfurt (Oder).
  • Handle: RePEc:euv:dpaper:19
    as

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    File URL: https://www.europa-uni.de/de/forschung/institut/recap15/downloads/PolicyBriefs/Brief3_Paper19_ENGLISH.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2015
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    File URL: https://www.europa-uni.de/de/forschung/institut/recap15/downloads/PolicyBriefs/Brief3_Paper19_DEUTSCH.pdf
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