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RECAP15-Policy Brief 2: Für einen wettbewerbsneutralen EU-Emissionshandel / EU Emissions Trading System without competitive disadvantages


  • Daniel Becker

    () (Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, European University Viadrina, Frankfurt (Oder))

  • Clemens Heuson
  • Wolfgang Peters

    () (Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, European University Viadrina, Frankfurt (Oder))

  • Ulrike Will

    () (Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, European University Viadrina, Frankfurt (Oder))


Handlungsempfehlungen (deutsch):

1. Die volle Wirksamkeit des Emissionshandels (ETS) wird dann gewährleistet, wenn pauschale Ausnahmetatbestände unterbleiben. Insbesondere die Carbon-Leakage-Liste sollte durch einen vollständigen Grenzausgleich ersetzt werden.

2. Grenzausgleichsinstrumente helfen bei der Vermeidung des Carbon Leakage und stellen zudem die Wettbewerbsneutralität europäischer Unternehmen wieder her.

3. Die Belastung durch den Grenzausgleich muss sich eng an der tatsächlichen Belastung durch das ETS orientieren.

4. Eine produkt- bzw. sektorenbezogene Grenzausgleichssteuer ist gut mit dem WTO-Recht vereinbar, dabei wettbewerbsneutral, klimapolitisch wirksam und unbürokratischer als andere Formen des Grenzausgleichs.

5. Die neuen Exportfreistellungen sind nur auf die tatsächlich exportierten Produkte zu beschränken. Die Exportbefreiungen mindern die Effektivität des Emissionshandels dann nicht, wenn sie vom Cap abgezogen werden.

6. Das Ausland sollte zwischen Grenzausgleich und der Einbindung in das ETS wählen können.

7. Die Investition der Einnahmen aus der Importbesteuerung bzw. aus dem integrierten Zertifikatehandel in geeignete Klimafonds ermöglicht eine doppelte klimapolitische Dividende.

Policy recommendations (english):

1. The Emission Trading System (ETS) will be fully effective if its discretionary exemptions are omitted. The carbon-leakage list in particular should be replaced with a full border adjustment (BA).

2. The BA helps to prevent carbon leakage and restores competitive neutrality to EU enterprises.

3. The burden of the BA must be closely linked to the actual burden of the ETS.

4. A product- or sector-based BA is likely to be compatible with WTO rules, correspond to the principle of competitive neutrality, have a positive effect on climate protection, and be less bureaucratic than other forms of BA.

5. The new export rebates must be limited to products that are actually exported. Export rebates do not limit the effectiveness of the ETS if they are accounted for when fixing the cap.

6. Foreign countries should have the choice between two options: the BA and integration into the ETS.

7. If the revenue of the import BA respective of the integrated ETS is used for climate funding, a double dividend for climate protection can be facilitated.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel Becker & Clemens Heuson & Wolfgang Peters & Ulrike Will, 2015. "RECAP15-Policy Brief 2: Für einen wettbewerbsneutralen EU-Emissionshandel / EU Emissions Trading System without competitive disadvantages," Discussion Paper Series RECAP15 18, RECAP15, European University Viadrina, Frankfurt (Oder).
  • Handle: RePEc:euv:dpaper:18

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