IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/eti/rdpsjp/11039.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

WLB in the UK: Present situation and challenges for national and corporate initiatives, suggestions for Japan (Japanese)

Author

Listed:
  • YAJIMA Yoko

Abstract

In this paper, we develop a sense of the present situation and challenges of work-life balance (WLB) policies, corporate initiatives, and the workplace environment from the perspective of workers in the UK, and we carry out a comparison analysis with initiatives in Japan. Further, the analysis in this paper is a summary based on the results of a questionnaire survey of workers in Japan and the UK, a survey of the literature, and the results of local interview surveys in the UK. The UK resembles Japan in the sense that problems with long working hours and employment disparities based on stereotyped perceptions of gender roles form the background to the start of WLB initiatives to encourage flexible working styles. There are also commonalities in the sense that the emphasis is basically on encouraging independent initiatives by demonstrating the advantages of WLB initiatives for corporations, even though legislation to strengthen the rights of workers to choose flexible work patterns has been introduced in part. In contrast to Japan, where the initiatives commenced in 2007, those in the UK started in 2000, and from the perspectives of the government, corporations and the labor unions, certain outcomes and issues have been identified with regard to WLB initiatives. Based on awareness at the institutions concerned and changes in the social environment indicated by statistical data, this paper compiles the present state of the initiatives, outcomes and issues in the UK, and presents suggestions for Japan. In addition, by analyzing the worker questionnaires, we also indicate differences and commonalities between Japan and the UK in the choice of work patterns made by men and women with children. In particular, in the context of stereotyped gender roles in the home even in the midst of options for flexible working styles, the analysis focuses on the impact on workplace productivity, the ease of running the workplace, and differences in perceptions between the UK and Japan with regard to the "Short working hours" style of working where the proportion of use by women is high.

Suggested Citation

  • YAJIMA Yoko, 2011. "WLB in the UK: Present situation and challenges for national and corporate initiatives, suggestions for Japan (Japanese)," Discussion Papers (Japanese) 11039, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
  • Handle: RePEc:eti:rdpsjp:11039
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://www.rieti.go.jp/jp/publications/dp/11j039.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eti:rdpsjp:11039. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (KUMAGAI, Akiko). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/rietijp.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.