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Integrated assessment of carbon and sulphur emissions, simulations with the CLIMNEG model

Author

Listed:
  • Johan Eyckmans

    () (K.U.Leuven, C.E.S., Energy, Transport and Environment)

  • Cédric Bertrand

    () (Université catholique de Louvain, Institut d'Astronomie et de Géophysique G. Lemaître)

Abstract

Combustion of fossil fuels causes carbon emissions which contribute to global climate change. But combustion processes are also responsible for sulphur emissions and sulphate aerosols offset part of the global warming problem since they increase locally the albedo of the Earth's atmosphere. However, sulphate aerosols contribute to the regional acidification and acid rain problem. Integrated assessment analysis of climate change should incorporate these interactions between global and local environmental problems in a consistent way. This paper describes in a theoretical framework the trade off between carbon and sulphur emission control. Necessary conditions are derived for optimal investment, carbon and sulphur emission control rates in a Nash equilibrium and are compared to Pareto efficient policies. The theoretical results are illustrated by means of a numerical simulation model.

Suggested Citation

  • Johan Eyckmans & Cédric Bertrand, 2000. "Integrated assessment of carbon and sulphur emissions, simulations with the CLIMNEG model," Energy, Transport and Environment Working Papers Series ete0008, KU Leuven, Department of Economics - Research Group Energy, Transport and Environment.
  • Handle: RePEc:ete:etewps:ete0008
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Gary S. Becker, 1974. "Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach," NBER Chapters,in: Essays in the Economics of Crime and Punishment, pages 1-54 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    3. Gould, John P., 1974. "Risk, stochastic preference, and the value of information," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 64-84, May.
    4. Hess, James, 1982. "Risk and the gain from information," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 231-238, June.
    5. Yves Zenou, 2003. "The Spatial Aspects of Crime," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 1(2-3), pages 459-467, 04/05.
    6. Franckx Laurent, 2002. "Ambient environmental inspections and commitment towards enforcement policies: substitutes or complements?," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 2(1), pages 1-20, January.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    environmental economics; climate change; integrated assessment model; sulphate aerosol;

    JEL classification:

    • D9 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics
    • D62 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Externalities
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation

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