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Capitalizing on the Demographic Transition: Tackling Noncommunicable Diseases in South Asia


  • Michael Maurice Engelgau
  • Sameh El-Saharty
  • Preeti Kudesia
  • Vikram Rajan
  • Sandra Rosenhouse
  • Kyoko Okamoto


Increasing life expectancy in South Asia is resulting in a demographic transition that can, under the right circumstances, yield dividends through more favorable dependency ratios for a time. With aging, the disease burden shifts toward noncommunicable diseases (NCDs)1 which can threaten healthy aging. However, securing the gains expected from the demographic dividend—where developing countries’ working and nondependent population increases and per capita income thus rises— is both achievable and affordable through efficiently tacking NCDs with prevention and control efforts.

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  • Michael Maurice Engelgau & Sameh El-Saharty & Preeti Kudesia & Vikram Rajan & Sandra Rosenhouse & Kyoko Okamoto, 2011. "Capitalizing on the Demographic Transition: Tackling Noncommunicable Diseases in South Asia," Working Papers id:3595, eSocialSciences.
  • Handle: RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:3595
    Note: Institutional Papers

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    9. Stephen G Cecchetti, 2010. "Monetary policy and the measurement of inflation: prices, wages and expectations," BIS Papers chapters,in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Monetary policy and the measurement of inflation: prices, wages and expectations, volume 49, pages 1-11 Bank for International Settlements.
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    14. Engle, Robert F, 1978. "Testing Price Equations for Stability across Spectral Frequency Bands," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(4), pages 869-881, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Anne Maryse Pierre-Louis & Sameh El-Saharty & Anderson Stanciole & Olga Jonas & F. Brian Pascual & Robert Oelrichs & Montserrat Meiro Lorenzo & Tonya Villafana & Fernando Lavadenz & Marcia Rock, 2012. "Connecting Sectors and Systems for Health Results," World Bank Other Operational Studies 26806, The World Bank.
    2. Anne Maryse Pierre-Louis & Katherina Ferl & Christina Dinh Wadhwani & Neesha Harnam & Montserrat Meiro-Lorenzo, 2014. "Setting the Stage to Address the Dual Challenge of MDGs and NCDs," Health, Nutrition and Population (HNP) Discussion Paper Series 100278, The World Bank.

    More about this item


    dependency ratio; aging; developing countries; demographic dividend; per capita income; NCDs; population; healthy; south asia; life expentancy; demographic transition; disease burden;

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