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Linking Business Ownership and Perceived Administrative Complexity: An Empirical Analysis of 18 OECD Countries

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  • Andre van Stel
  • Viktor Stunnenberg

Abstract

Administrative burdens are known to be a major business constraint for incumbent SMEs in modern economies. Far less is known about the influence of these burdens on the startup of new firms. The current paper examines to what extent perceived administrative complexity related to starting a new business influences the number of business owners across 18 OECD countries. We test this relationship combining data on business ownership from EIM's COMPENDIA data base and data on perceived administrative complexity from the Eurobarometer public opinion surveys coordinated by the European Commission. Our regression model enables to explicitly control for the influence of unemployment on the level of business ownership ('refugee effect'). We also control for risk tolerance and access to finance. Our results suggest that perceived administrative complexity has a negative impact on the level of business ownership. However, the effect is not immediate but rather seems to emerge in the long run.

Suggested Citation

  • Andre van Stel & Viktor Stunnenberg, 2004. "Linking Business Ownership and Perceived Administrative Complexity: An Empirical Analysis of 18 OECD Countries," Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy 2004-35, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group.
  • Handle: RePEc:esi:egpdis:2004-35
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    Cited by:

    1. Michael Fritsch & Pamela Mueller, 2007. "The persistence of regional new business formation-activity over time – assessing the potential of policy promotion programs," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 17(3), pages 299-315, June.
    2. Roy Thurik & Isabel Grilo, 2005. "Latent and actual entrepreneurship in Europe and the US: some recent developments," Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy 2005-24, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group.
    3. Isabel Grilo & Roy Thurik, 2005. "Entrepreneurial engagement levels in the European Union," Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy 2005-29, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group.
    4. Bremmers, Harry J. & Poppe, Krijn J. & Wijnands, Jo H.M. & van der Meulen, Bernd M.J., 2008. "Administrative Burdens in the Dairy Industry – A Proposal for Empirical Research," 110th Seminar, February 18-22, 2008, Innsbruck-Igls, Austria 49886, European Association of Agricultural Economists.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    business ownership; administrative burdens; unemployment;

    JEL classification:

    • L50 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - General
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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