Decision-making under Pressure: The Negotiation of the Biometric Passports Regulation in the Council
This paper accounts for the so-called Biometric Passports Regulation of the European Community. Formally adopted by the Council of the European Union (EU) in December of 2004, the Biometric Passports Regulation prescribes the compulsory biometric “enrollment” of all EU citizens applying for a new passport or passport renewal. Member States fully participating in the Schengen regime and Schengen-affiliated third countries like Norway are obliged to include two biometric identifiers into their citizens’ passports by the end of June 2009. Schengen-made “e-Passports” will contain a chip storing a facial scan of the passport holder and two of his or her fingerprints. The author employs both Rationalist and Institutionalist perspectives in order to explain why the Council of the EU unanimously endorsed a bill which, as far as the mandatory incorporation of fingerprints into EU citizens’ passports is concerned, goes beyond what was necessary for meeting U.S. and international requirements. Rationalists may interpret the final legislative outcome as a reflection of the political success of “first mover” strategies on the part of relatively powerful executive actors engaged in a Battle-of-the-Sexes game. From an Institutionalist point of view, on the other hand, the substantive profile of the Biometric Passports Regulation stems from the reproduction of police-specific standard operating procedures, the “consensus reflex” among the members of the Council’s Permanent Representatives Committee (COREPER), and the recognitional character of decision-making processes under time pressure.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:erp:arenax:p0222. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Sindre Eikrem Hervig)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.