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Strumenti di regolazione del mercato farmaceutico: un'analisi ragionata

Author

Listed:
  • Claudia Oglialoro

    (Inter-American Development Bank (IADB))

  • Fabio Pammolli

    () (Politecnico di Milano and CERM Foundation - Competitività, Regole, Mercati)

  • Nicola Carmine Salerno

    () (Ufficio parlamentare di bilancio)

Abstract

Il mercato dei farmaci (come, più in generale, quello delle prestazioni sanitarie) presenta tutti gli elementi economici che suggeriscono l'applicazione di schemi regolatori: dalla differenza tra soggetti finanziatori e soggetti beneficiari (indispensabile a mantenere l'accesso universale alle prestazioni), alle forti asimmetrie informative tra soggetti finanziatori, medici e farmacisti e beneficiari, alla presenza di brevetti che creano monopoli temporanei necessari a promuovere gli investimenti in R&D e il continuo miglioramento dei prodotti disponibili. Nonostante ciò, il mercato dei farmaci soltanto di recente ha cominciato ad adottare schemi di regolazione della domanda e dell’offerta che in altri ambiti, come le principali utilities e i servizi pubblici a rete, e con strumenti diversi hanno da tempo trovato spazio e perfezionamento.

Suggested Citation

  • Claudia Oglialoro & Fabio Pammolli & Nicola Carmine Salerno, 2004. "Strumenti di regolazione del mercato farmaceutico: un'analisi ragionata," Working Papers CERM 03-2004, Competitività, Regole, Mercati (CERM).
  • Handle: RePEc:ern:wpaper:03-2004
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.cermlab.it/wp-content/uploads/cerm/wp/wpcerm-2004-03.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2004
    Download Restriction: no

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Gianluca Baio & Laura Magazzini & Claudia Oglialoro & Fabio Pammolli & Massimo Riccaboni, 2005. "Medical Devices: Competitiveness and Impact on Public Health Expenditure," Working Papers CERM 05-2005, Competitività, Regole, Mercati (CERM).
    2. Fabio Pammolli & Nicola Carmine Salerno, 2007. "La distribuzione al dettaglio dei farmaci - Tra regolazione efficiente e mercato," Working Papers CERM 01-2007, Competitività, Regole, Mercati (CERM).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    mercato dei farmaci; regolazione; R&D;

    JEL classification:

    • D60 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - General
    • D61 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Allocative Efficiency; Cost-Benefit Analysis
    • H00 - Public Economics - - General - - - General
    • H30 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - General
    • H50 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - General
    • H53 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs
    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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