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Les externalités de diffusion du savoir-faire permettent- elles de rattraper le retard dans les courses à l'innovation

Author

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  • C. HALMENSCHLAGER

Abstract

Dans une course à l'innovation, les possibilités de rattrapage d'une entreprise distancée sont-elles aiguisées ou au contraire exclues par la présence d'externalités de R&D ? Pudenberg, Gilbert, Stiglitz et Tirole montrent dans une course au brevet avec observation imparfaite de l'activité en R&D des entreprises rivales que ces possibilités de rattrapage existent. Notre article introduit deux hypothèses d'externalités de diffusion du savoir-faire. Nous examinons à l'équilibre, pour chacun d'eux, les conséquences sur les possibilités de rattrapage de la firme en retard. Dans un premier scénario, la part du savoir-faire acquis par chaque entreprise qui revient à sa rivale est décroissante : les possibilités de rattrapage disparaissent à l'équilibre. Dans un second scénario, le taux d'externalité est constant : le rattrapage, même réduit par le jeu des externalités, reste possible à l'équilibre. Nous concluons que dans ce contexte dynamique, les spillovers ont l'effet contre-intuitif d'augmenter la vitesse de l'innovation pour des firmes avec des niveaux d'expérience identiques. Nous mettons aussi en évidence qu'une modélisation différente des externalités influence les possibilités de rattrapage du retardataire.
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Suggested Citation

  • C. Halmenschlager, 2003. "Les externalités de diffusion du savoir-faire permettent- elles de rattraper le retard dans les courses à l'innovation," Working Papers ERMES 0304, ERMES, University Paris 2.
  • Handle: RePEc:erm:papers:0304
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. d'Aspremont, Claude & Jacquemin, Alexis, 1988. "Cooperative and Noncooperative R&D in Duopoly with Spillovers," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(5), pages 1133-1137, December.
    2. Amir, Rabah, 2000. "Modelling imperfectly appropriable R&D via spillovers," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 18(7), pages 1013-1032, October.
    3. Amir, Rabah & Wooders, John, 2000. "One-Way Spillovers, Endogenous Innovator/Imitator Roles, and Research Joint Ventures," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 1-25, April.
    4. Encaoua, D. & Ulph, D., 2000. "Catching-up or Leapfrogging ? The Effects of Competition on Innovation and Growth," Papiers d'Economie Mathématique et Applications 2000.97, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
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    6. Tom Lee & Louis L. Wilde, 1980. "Market Structure and Innovation: A Reformulation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 94(2), pages 429-436.
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    13. Kamien, Morton I & Muller, Eitan & Zang, Israel, 1992. "Research Joint Ventures and R&D Cartels," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(5), pages 1293-1306, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Tarek Bel Hadj, 2014. "Lagged R&D spillovers and international competitiveness: A sectoral approach in the case of Tunisia," Social-Economic Debates, Association for Entreprenorial Spirit Promotion, vol. 3(1), pages 31-41, April.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C72 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Noncooperative Games
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives

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