Public-Private Employment Choice, Wage Differentials and Gender in Turkey
There is no evidence on the extent of public versus private wage differentials in Turkey. The main objective of this paper is to examine the factors which explain the employment choice and the wage differentials in the public administration, state owned enterprises and the formal private wage sector in Turkey. Selectivity corrected wage equations are estimated for each sector for men and women separately. Oaxaca decomposition of the wage differentials between sectors for men and women is carried out. For this purpose, results of the 1994 Household Expenditure Survey conducted by the State Institute of Statistics are used. Results indicate that when controlled for observed characteristics and sample selection, for men, public administration wages are at parity or lower than private sector wages in particular at the university level. State economic enterprise wages for men are higher than private sector wages except at the university level. Opposite results are obtained for women: their wages are at par or higher in public administration than in the private sector. Further, while wages of men and women are at parity in the public administration, there is a large gender wage-gap in the private sector. Private returns to schooling are found to be lower in the public rather than in the private sector.
|Date of creation:||May 1999|
|Date of revision:||May 1999|
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