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Recherche de Rente et Processus de Reformes Politiques et Institutionnelles dans le Monde Arabe: la Leçon Marocaine

Listed author(s):
  • Brahim Elmorchid


    (Groupe de Recherche Economique et Financière (GREF), Faculté de Droit, Marrakech)

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    This paper aims at conducting an analytical exercise on the rent seeking phenomenon in Morocco with respect to political and institutional reforms. Following a brief methodological description of reform as a source of rent, we have outlined a variety of channels through which rents are created and transmitted during various stages of initiation and implementation of four kinds of reforms: i) trade reform; ii) reforms devoted to the restructuring of the productive system; iii) reforms targeted to the public sphere moralization; iv) political reforms. Political and institutional reforms are seen to initially rely on a dynamic bargaining involving several rent-seeking social groups. This is the case of major sector-based associations, the Makhzen-related bourgeoisie, bureaucrats, political parties, NGOs working for development, etc. The outcome of this specific bargaining seems to be the setting-up of a fragile political and social equilibrium. The current situation is characterized by a quasi-complete paralysis, hindering the efficient implementation of reforms. Only some technical regulations have been undertaken.

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    Paper provided by Economic Research Forum in its series Working Papers with number 469.

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    Length: 25 pages
    Date of creation: Feb 2009
    Date of revision: Feb 2009
    Publication status: Published by The Economic Research Forum (ERF)
    Handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:469
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