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Innovations and Sustainability Strategies in the Upland Agriculture of Northern Vietnam: An Agent-Based Modeling Approach

Author

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  • Dang Viet Quang

    () (Department of Land Use Economcs in the Tropics and Subtropics, University of Hohenheim)

Abstract

Vietnam, like most developing countries across Southeast Asia, has boosted farm outputs by introducing new crops, production methods and other agricultural innovations. Unfortunately, this process has increased soil erosion and water pollution and caused many other environmental problems. This study looks at the environmental trade-offs that are involved in upgrading people's livelihoods through agricultural improvement. It also investigates how the negative impacts of such changes can be mitigated. The study provides details of how agricultural innovations have harmed the environment. It shows that a land tax policy could be used to reduce these environmental problems. Such a tax, however, will have a negative impact on farmers' livelihoods. Hence, this policy will be strongly resisted given that the North West Region has the highest poverty rate in Vietnam. The study therefore recommends that farmers should be helped to implement sustainable animal husbandry innovations so that their standard of living is not unduly affected.

Suggested Citation

  • Dang Viet Quang, 2010. "Innovations and Sustainability Strategies in the Upland Agriculture of Northern Vietnam: An Agent-Based Modeling Approach," EEPSEA Research Report rr2010112, Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia (EEPSEA), revised Nov 2010.
  • Handle: RePEc:eep:report:rr2010112
    as

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    File URL: http://www.eepsea.org/pub/rr/12898008321Dang_2010-RR4.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2010
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. He, Jie, 2006. "Pollution haven hypothesis and environmental impacts of foreign direct investment: The case of industrial emission of sulfur dioxide (SO2) in Chinese provinces," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1), pages 228-245, November.
    2. Rob van der Veeren & Richard Tol, 2001. "Benefits of a Reallocation of Nitrate Emission Reductions in the Rhine River Basin," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, pages 19-41.
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    Keywords

    crops; Vietnam;

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