IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Industrial Estates and the Environment: A Study of Water Pollution in Vietnam


  • Le Quang Thong

    () (Faculty of Economics, Nong Lam University)

  • Nguyen Anh Ngoc

    (Faculty of Economics, Nong Lam University)


In Vietnam, as in many other rapidly-developing countries in Southeast Asia, industrial estates have sprung up to provide the infrastructure that factories need. Such estates can reduce the environmental impact of the industries they support, by providing central wastewater pollution control facilities. Since there are economies of scale in wastewater treatment, sharing common facilities should reduce costs. Unfortunately, wastewater treatment is often not practised and Vietnam is currently experiencing a lot of water pollution from the factories in its industrial zones. Now a new report has highlighted why many industrial estates in Vietnam have not invested in wastewater treatment plants and why many companies still fall far short of the necessary compliance. It finds that fines for polluters are ineffective and that factors such as a lack of investment capital, and a perception that the fees charged for waste treatment are unfair, are stopping many firms from investing in wastewater treatment. It makes a number of recommendations on how this situation can be improved. These include tightening pollution monitoring and assessment and imposing stricter legislative controls and stiffer penalties to deter polluters.

Suggested Citation

  • Le Quang Thong & Nguyen Anh Ngoc, 2004. "Industrial Estates and the Environment: A Study of Water Pollution in Vietnam," EEPSEA Policy Brief pb2004083, Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia (EEPSEA), revised Aug 2004.
  • Handle: RePEc:eep:pbrief:pb2004083

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: First version, 2004
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    water pollution; Vietnam;


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eep:pbrief:pb2004083. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Arief Anshory yusuf). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.