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Beneficios y costos de la globalización: perspectiva de un país pequeño (Chile)

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  • Patricio Meller

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Abstract

La globalización implica para todos los países, especialmente los latinoamericanos, grandes oportunidades; pero al mismo tiempo, los desafíos no son menores. Efectivamente, existen costos de ajuste en la incorporación de un país a la economía mundial, pero, los beneficios superan notoriamente a los costos. El foco de las políticas de un país que se integra a la economía global debiera estar orientado a maximizar los beneficios y minimizar los costos. Para esto, todos los agentes económicos debieran "estar equipados" para aprovechar los beneficios de la GL; por otra parte, el país tiene que establecer mecanismos locales para compensar a los "perdedores". En este artículo se examinan la lógica de las políticas requeridas para enfrentar la globalización considerando las restricciones internacionales, el rol del gobierno y el nuevo entorno laboral.

Suggested Citation

  • Patricio Meller, 2001. "Beneficios y costos de la globalización: perspectiva de un país pequeño (Chile)," Documentos de Trabajo 112, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  • Handle: RePEc:edj:ceauch:112
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    File URL: http://www.dii.uchile.cl/~cea/sitedev/cea/www/download.php?file=documentos_trabajo/ASOCFILE120030327170146.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Gustavo Adolfo Díaz Valencia, 2012. "Impacto del TLC con Estados Unidos en el sector agrícola colombiano, más riesgos que oportunidades (caso arroz)," REVISTA CIFE, UNIVERSIDAD SANTO TOMÁS, June.

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