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Beneficios y costos de la globalización: perspectiva de un país pequeño (Chile)

  • Patricio Meller

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    La globalización implica para todos los países, especialmente los latinoamericanos, grandes oportunidades; pero al mismo tiempo, los desafíos no son menores. Efectivamente, existen costos de ajuste en la incorporación de un país a la economía mundial, pero, los beneficios superan notoriamente a los costos. El foco de las políticas de un país que se integra a la economía global debiera estar orientado a maximizar los beneficios y minimizar los costos. Para esto, todos los agentes económicos debieran "estar equipados" para aprovechar los beneficios de la GL; por otra parte, el país tiene que establecer mecanismos locales para compensar a los "perdedores". En este artículo se examinan la lógica de las políticas requeridas para enfrentar la globalización considerando las restricciones internacionales, el rol del gobierno y el nuevo entorno laboral.

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    File URL: http://www.dii.uchile.cl/~cea/sitedev/cea/www/download.php?file=documentos_trabajo/ASOCFILE120030327170146.pdf
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    Paper provided by Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile in its series Documentos de Trabajo with number 112.

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    Date of creation: 2001
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    Handle: RePEc:edj:ceauch:112
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.dii.uchile.cl/cea/

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