Efficiency Wages and Unemployment in a Global Economy
This paper considers trade in an asymmetric 2x2x2 world, the two countries being labelled America and Europe. In America, the labor market is perfectly competitive, with flexible wages ensuring full employment. Europe faces unemployment due to efficiency wages. We derive the conditions for there to be factor price equalization (FPE) in this world. It is shown that for every distribution of labor between the two countries, there exists a range of skill allocations leading to FPE. Focusing on the FPE case, we show that labor accumulation in either country decreases wage rates in both countries and increases both the level and the rate of unemployment in Europe. The magnitude of changes in all variables depends on where the labor accumulation occurs. In contrast, skill accumulation in either country benefits labor in both, and the magnitude of the effects is independent from where the skill accumulation occurs. Finally, the entry of newly industrialising countries into the world economy hurts labor in both countries. In all cases, the labor market outcomes in either country are determined by labor market characteristics in both
To our knowledge, this item is not available for
download. To find whether it is available, there are three
1. Check below under "Related research" whether another version of this item is available online.
2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.
|Date of creation:||11 Aug 2004|
|Contact details of provider:|| Phone: 1 212 998 3820|
Fax: 1 212 995 4487
Web page: http://www.econometricsociety.org/pastmeetings.asp
More information through EDIRC
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ecm:nasm04:242. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Christopher F. Baum)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.