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Unemployment Dynamics and Social Security


  • Juan Rojas
  • Silvio Rendon


The goal of this paper is to determine the effects of different social security regimes on job search. A less generous pension system induces higher savings across the life cycle and makes agents wealthier and thus more reluctant to accept low wage offers. On the other hand, as the social security system provides insurance against labor shocks, such as layoffs and future unemployment spells, a less generous system induces agents to accept bad job offers to save for retirement. To determine the strength of each effect, we develop a life-cycle overlapping generations model with job search, savings and a fully funded social security system. After obtaining the parameters that match the predicted moments to the observed path of employment states, wages, and assets, we compute the effects of alternative social security regimes in the U.S. economy.

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  • Juan Rojas & Silvio Rendon, 2004. "Unemployment Dynamics and Social Security," Econometric Society 2004 Latin American Meetings 170, Econometric Society.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecm:latm04:170

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Newey, Whitney K & Powell, James L & Walker, James R, 1990. "Semiparametric Estimation of Selection Models: Some Empirical Results," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(2), pages 324-328, May.
    2. Moshe Buchinsky, 1998. "The dynamics of changes in the female wage distribution in the USA: a quantile regression approach," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 13(1), pages 1-30.
    3. Maloney, William F., 2004. "Informality Revisited," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(7), pages 1159-1178, July.
    4. Koenker, Roger W & Bassett, Gilbert, Jr, 1978. "Regression Quantiles," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(1), pages 33-50, January.
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    More about this item


    Job search; social security; savings; asset accumulation liquidity constraints; retirement.;

    JEL classification:

    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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