Accruals and the Prediction of Future Cash Flows
Building on the Dechow, Kothari, and Watts (1998) model of the accrual process, this study provides insights into the role of accruals in predicting future cash flows. The model shows that each accrual component reflects different information relating to future cash flows; aggregate earnings masks this information. As predicted, disaggregating accruals into major components - change in accounts receivable, change in accounts payable, change in inventory, depreciation, amortization, and other accruals - significantly enhances predictive ability. Each accrual component, including depreciation and amortization, is significant with the predicted sign in predicting future cash flows incremental to current cash flow. The cash flow and accrual components of current earnings have substantially more predictive ability for future cash flows than several lags of aggregate earnings. The inferences are robust to several alternative specifications, including controlling for operating cash cycle and industry membership.
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