IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Accessibility or Diagnosticity? Disentangling the Influence of Culture on Persuasion Processes and Attitudes


  • Aaker, Jennifer L.

    (Stanford U)


This research explores the extent to which differences in perceived diagnosticity as compared with differences in the accessibility of associations embedded in persuasion appeals better account for the attitudinal differences found in the culture and persuasion literature. Experiment 1 replicates basic findings showing that high culture-distinct associations lead to more favorable attitudes for individuals in the target culture relative to a nontarget culture, while low culture-distinct associations lead to more attitudinal similarities across cultural boundaries. Experiments 2 and 3 explore two potential explanations for these effects. Convergent evidence, provided through within-culture and across-culture mediation analysis, is more supportive of the differential accessibility explanation. That is, high culture-distinct associations may be valued in the nontarget culture but are relatively inaccessible in memory at an individual level. The results of these experiments help to reconcile conflicting findings in the consumer psychology literature, shed insight on why cultural differences might occur, and add to the growing body of research that identifies conditions under which cultural similarities in persuasion processes and effects may be found.

Suggested Citation

  • Aaker, Jennifer L., 2000. "Accessibility or Diagnosticity? Disentangling the Influence of Culture on Persuasion Processes and Attitudes," Research Papers 1579, Stanford University, Graduate School of Business.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecl:stabus:1579

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Moon, Junyean & Chadee, Doren & Tikoo, Surinder, 2008. "Culture, product type, and price influences on consumer purchase intention to buy personalized products online," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 31-39, January.
    2. Ladhari, Riadh & Pons, Frank & Bressolles, Grégory & Zins, Michel, 2011. "Culture and personal values: How they influence perceived service quality," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 64(9), pages 951-957, September.
    3. Guo, Junpeng & Wang, Xiaopan & Wu, Yi, 2020. "Positive emotion bias: Role of emotional content from online customer reviews in purchase decisions," Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, Elsevier, vol. 52(C).
    4. Zeng, Hui & Hao, Liaogang, 2016. "Cross-cultural examination of the effects of promotional framing on consumers’ responses: A comparison of China and Pakistan," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(5), pages 1020-1029.
    5. Regina Burnasheva & Yong GuSuh & Katherine Villalobos-Moron, 2019. "Factors Affecting Millennials’ Attitudes toward Luxury Fashion Brands: A Cross-Cultural Study," International Business Research, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 12(6), pages 69-81, June.
    6. Kipnis, Eva & Broderick, Amanda J. & Demangeot, Catherine & Adkins, Natalie Ross & Ferguson, Nakeisha S. & Henderson, Geraldine Rosa & Johnson, Guillaume & Mandiberg, James M. & Mueller, Rene Dentiste, 2013. "Branding beyond prejudice: Navigating multicultural marketplaces for consumer well-being," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 66(8), pages 1186-1194.
    7. M. Geuens & B. Weijters & K. De Wulf, 2008. "A New Measure of Brand Personality," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 08/545, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    8. Lerman, Dawn & Maldonado, Rachel & Luna, David, 2009. "A theory-based measure of acculturation: The shortened cultural life style inventory," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 62(4), pages 399-406, April.
    9. Reo Song & Sangkil Moon & Haipeng (Allan) Chen & Mark B. Houston, 2018. "When marketing strategy meets culture: the role of culture in product evaluations," Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, Springer, vol. 46(3), pages 384-402, May.
    10. Geuens, Maggie & Weijters, Bert & De Wulf, Kristof, 2009. "A new measure of brand personality," International Journal of Research in Marketing, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 97-107.
    11. Xiaolin Lin & Mauricio Featherman & Stoney L. Brooks & Nick Hajli, 2019. "Exploring Gender Differences in Online Consumer Purchase Decision Making: An Online Product Presentation Perspective," Information Systems Frontiers, Springer, vol. 21(5), pages 1187-1201, October.
    12. Koushyar Rajavi & Tarun Kushwaha & Jan-Benedict E M Steenkamp, 2019. "In Brands We Trust? A Multicategory, Multicountry Investigation of Sensitivity of Consumers’ Trust in Brands to Marketing-Mix Activities," Journal of Consumer Research, Oxford University Press, vol. 46(4), pages 651-670.
    13. Caroline L. Noblet & Laura A. Lindenfeld & Mark W. Anderson, 2013. "Environmental Worldviews: A Point of Common Contact, or Barrier?," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(11), pages 1-18, November.
    14. Bibby, David N., 2011. "Sponsorship portfolio as brand image creation strategies: A commentary essay," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 64(6), pages 628-630, June.
    15. Schmidt, Holger J. & Mason, Roger & Steenkamp, Pieter & Mugobo, Virimai, 2017. "Does brand orientation contribute to retailers’ success? An empirical study in the South African market," Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 210-222.
    16. Swoboda, Bernhard & Sinning, Carolina, 2020. "How country development and national culture affect the paths of perceived brand globalness to consumer behavior across nations," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 58-73.
    17. Mazaheri, Ebrahim & Richard, Marie-Odile & Laroche, Michel, 2011. "Online consumer behavior: Comparing Canadian and Chinese website visitors," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 64(9), pages 958-965, September.
    18. Perez-Aranda, Javier & González Robles, Eva & Urbistondo, Pilar, 2017. "The Influence of Membership Groups on Selecting Accommodations: The Case of the Residential Tourist," Journal of Spatial and Organizational Dynamics, Cinturs - Research Centre for Tourism, Sustainability and Well-being, University of Algarve, vol. 5(2), pages 59-72.
    19. Tu, Lingjiang & Khare, Adwait & Zhang, Yinlong, 2012. "A short 8-item scale for measuring consumers’ local–global identity," International Journal of Research in Marketing, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 35-42.
    20. Zeynep Gurhan-Canli & Durairaj Maheswaran, 2000. "Comparative Advertising in the Global Marketplace: The Effects of Cultural Orientation on Communication," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 328, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    21. Alden, Dana L. & He, Yi & Chen, Qimei, 2010. "Service recommendations and customer evaluations in the international marketplace: Cultural and situational contingencies," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 38-44, January.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ecl:stabus:1579. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.