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Initial Stocktaking of Transport Challenges inthe Early Twenty-first Century

Author

Listed:
  • Eva Molnar

    (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe)

Abstract

This paper examines the two-way interaction between transport systems and several mega-trends that have been and are likely to continue to characterize the world. These trends include globalization, technological change, increased intergovernmental cooperation, the changing role of the public sector, the increased emphasis on security, and the need to ensure that economic growth is more environmentally sustainable. It is stressed that numerous policy responses are needed to address these developments, some at the global level, others at the regional level and some at the national level.

Suggested Citation

  • Eva Molnar, 2008. "Initial Stocktaking of Transport Challenges inthe Early Twenty-first Century," UNECE Annual Report Economic Essays 2008_10, UNECE.
  • Handle: RePEc:ece:annrep:2008_10
    as

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    File URL: http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/oes/nutshell/2008/10_Transport_Challenges.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2008
    Download Restriction: no
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    competitiveness; Europe; transition economies; transport; globalization; sustainable development; technological change;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods
    • H87 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - International Fiscal Issues; International Public Goods
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
    • L91 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Transportation: General
    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise
    • R53 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Public Facility Location Analysis; Public Investment and Capital Stock

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