Have Lifecycle Consumption and Income Patterns in the Philippines Changed between 1994 and 2002?
Have age profiles of consumption and labor income in the Philippines changed from 1994 to 2002? What are the implications of the changes observed in the lifecycle patterns? The National Transfer Accounts (NTA) methodologies are applied to estimate the per capita age profiles of current consumption and labor income for the Philippines for the years 1994, 1999 and 2002. Age profiles estimated include those for public and private consumption for three broad types, i.e. education, health and other, and two types of labor income, i.e. earnings from paid employment and self employment income. Some of the main findings include : (1) Consumption pattern by age : The age profile for mean per capita current consumption is strongly influenced by the profile of private other consumption being the single largest item of consumption. The pronounced sharp rise in per capita mean consumption observed up to age 18 and the subsequent decline is due to the age pattern of public and private education spending. And the gradual increase in per capita consumption after age 45 may be attributed to the increasing per capita public and private spending for health care as age increases. (2) Consumption age profile over time : The age profiles for current consumption have generally remained unchanged from 1994 to 2002, with mean age of consumption staying at about 27 years. (3) Labor income pattern by age : The age profile of labor income have the expected inverted-U shape, peaking at around age 40 (4) Labor income age profile over time : The overall shape of the age income profiles have generally remained the same, but a gradual shift of the position of the profiles towards the right was observed from 1994 to 2002. The mean age of labor income was 35 in 1994, 38 in 1999 and 39 in 2002. The implications of the consumption and labor income lifecycle patterns and changes observed over time for the Philippines include the following : increase in the deficit age cut-off at older ages; increase in the span of productive or surplus ages; and increase in the lifecycle surplus to deficit ratio.
|Date of creation:||Jan 2008|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: JG Crawford Building #13, Asia Pacific School of Economics and Government, Australian National University, ACT 0200|
Web page: http://www.eaber.org
More information through EDIRC
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Jose Encarnacion, Jr., 1977. "Income Distribution in Manila, Luzon, the Visayas and Mindanao," UP School of Economics Discussion Papers 197707, University of the Philippines School of Economics.
- Michael M. Alba, 1998. "Measuring the Extent and Components of the Gender Wage Differential in the Philippines," UP School of Economics Discussion Papers 199801, University of the Philippines School of Economics.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eab:develo:22683. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Shiro Armstrong)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.