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Education and Off-Farm Work


  • Yang, Dennis


A household time allocation model is developed to explain the empirical regularity that the better educated farm members are usually the first to participate in nonfarm employment. Central to the model is the comparative advantage principle and a knowledge spillover hypothesis that workers who participate in off-farm work may still contribute knowledge to farm management. Using Chinese farm data, it is found that (a) schooling does not contribute to physical efficiency in farming, (b) the highest household schooling contributes the most to allocative efficiency and yet the contribution is not affected by off-farm participation, and (c) education raises off-farm wages. The model's implications from these results are consistent with the observed patterns of time allocation.

Suggested Citation

  • Yang, Dennis, 1995. "Education and Off-Farm Work," Working Papers 95-09, Duke University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:duk:dukeec:95-09

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Peter A. Diamond, 1974. "Single Activity Accidents," The Journal of Legal Studies, University of Chicago Press, vol. 3(1), pages 107-164, January.
    2. Danzon, Patricia M., 1985. "Liability and liability insurance for medical malpractice," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 4(4), pages 309-331, December.
    3. Sloan, Frank A. & Hassan, Mahmud, 1990. "Equity and accuracy in medical malpractice insurance pricing," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(3), pages 289-319, November.
    4. Craswell, Richard & Calfee, John E, 1986. "Deterrence and Uncertain Legal Standards," Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 2(2), pages 279-303, Fall.
    5. Michael Spence, 1977. "Consumer Misperceptions, Product Failure and Producer Liability," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 44(3), pages 561-572.
    6. repec:aph:ajpbhl:1990:80:3:313-315_1 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Kahan, Marcel, 1989. "Causation and Incentives to Take Care under the Negligence Rule," The Journal of Legal Studies, University of Chicago Press, vol. 18(2), pages 427-447, June.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • J43 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Agricultural Labor Markets


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