The Regional Question in Brazil: Nature, Causes and Policies
This paper presents an overview of the nature of the Brazilian Regional inequalities, focusing on some basic statistics and recent estimations that indicate that it arises mainly from differences on individual endowments (human capital) in the many regions, rather than on differences on the income captured by individual valuable attributes. It also reviews the major hypotheses to explain the inequalities and presents an alternative view, which argues that there is an equilibrium with inequalities that persists along time. Historical features of the colonial settlements in each region justified the original differences in their human capital. The paper then reviews the major regional policies applied in Brazil, hitherto, and evaluates them on the light of the hypothesis forwarded. The conclusion is that, as they did not tackle the major cause of inequalities, they end up generating limited results.
|Date of creation:||2009|
|Date of revision:||2009|
|Publication status:||Published in Anais do VIII Encontro Nacional da Associação Brasileira de Estudos Regionais e Urbanos.|
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