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Pobreza, Crecimiento y Desigualdad: Descifrando la Última Década en Argentina

  • Matías Busso

    ()

    (University of Michigan (Ph. D. Student) y Economista Visitante del Grupo de Investigación Económica (Ministerio de Economía Provincia de Buenos Aires).)

  • Federico Cerimedo

    ()

    (Grupo de Investigación Económica (Ministerio de Economía Provincia de Buenos Aires).)

  • Martín Cicowiez

    ()

    (Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS) - FCE - UNLP)

¿Por qué aumentó 36 puntos porcentuales la pobreza en Argentina durante la última década? ¿Cómo hacer para reducirla? Mediante la construcción de escenarios contrafácticos buscamos dar respuesta a estos dos interrogantes. Primero, realizamos una descomposición para separar la evolución de la pobreza en un componente de crecimiento y otro distributivo. Hallamos que tanto la mayor desigualdad como la caída del ingreso real promedio son importantes para explicar el incremento en la pobreza ocurrido durante la última década. Sin embargo, la importancia de cada uno de estos factores difiere cuando se analizan distintos subperiodos. Para responder la segunda pregunta computamos curvas de isopobreza. Esta metodología nos permitió estimar distintas combinaciones de crecimiento económico y reducción de la desigualdad que serían compatibles con ciertos niveles de pobreza objetivo.

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File URL: http://cedlas.econo.unlp.edu.ar/archivos_upload/doc_cedlas21.pdf
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Paper provided by CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata in its series CEDLAS, Working Papers with number 0021.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:dls:wpaper:0021
Contact details of provider: Postal: Calle 48 No555 - La Plata (1900)
Phone: 21- 1466
Fax: 54-21-25-9536
Web page: http://cedlas.econo.unlp.edu.ar/

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