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Pobreza, Crecimiento y Desigualdad: Descifrando la Última Década en Argentina

Author

Listed:
  • Matías Busso

    () (University of Michigan (Ph. D. Student) y Economista Visitante del Grupo de Investigación Económica (Ministerio de Economía Provincia de Buenos Aires).)

  • Federico Cerimedo

    () (Grupo de Investigación Económica (Ministerio de Economía Provincia de Buenos Aires).)

  • Martín Cicowiez

    () (Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS) - FCE - UNLP)

Abstract

¿Por qué aumentó 36 puntos porcentuales la pobreza en Argentina durante la última década? ¿Cómo hacer para reducirla? Mediante la construcción de escenarios contrafácticos buscamos dar respuesta a estos dos interrogantes. Primero, realizamos una descomposición para separar la evolución de la pobreza en un componente de crecimiento y otro distributivo. Hallamos que tanto la mayor desigualdad como la caída del ingreso real promedio son importantes para explicar el incremento en la pobreza ocurrido durante la última década. Sin embargo, la importancia de cada uno de estos factores difiere cuando se analizan distintos subperiodos. Para responder la segunda pregunta computamos curvas de isopobreza. Esta metodología nos permitió estimar distintas combinaciones de crecimiento económico y reducción de la desigualdad que serían compatibles con ciertos niveles de pobreza objetivo.

Suggested Citation

  • Matías Busso & Federico Cerimedo & Martín Cicowiez, 2005. "Pobreza, Crecimiento y Desigualdad: Descifrando la Última Década en Argentina," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0021, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
  • Handle: RePEc:dls:wpaper:0021
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    File URL: http://www.cedlas.econo.unlp.edu.ar/wp/wp-content/uploads/doc_cedlas21.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. World Bank, 2005. "Argentina : Sources of Growth, Seeking Sustained Economic Growth with Social Equity," World Bank Other Operational Studies 8329, The World Bank.
    2. Ricardo Bebczuk, 2009. "SME Access to Credit in Guatemala and Nicaragua: Challenging Conventional Wisdom with New Evidence," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0080, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Pobreza; Descomposiciones; Curvas de Isopobreza; Argentina.;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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