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Comercio y Desigualdad Salarial en Argentina: Un Enfoque de Equilibrio General Computado

Author

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  • Martín Cicowiez

    () (Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS) FCE - UNLP)

Abstract

En este trabajo se utiliza un modelo de Equilibrio General Computado (CGE) para analizar el efecto de la apertura comercial sobre el salario de los trabajadores calificados versus el salario de los trabajadores no calificados en la Argentina. El resultado que se obtiene es que en el caso de Argentina, el comercio sólo explica una pequeña porción (alrededor de 3%) del incremento en la desigualdad salarial. Adicionalmente, se presenta una metodología que puede emplearse para realizar ejercicios de descomposición con un modelo de CGE.

Suggested Citation

  • Martín Cicowiez, 2003. "Comercio y Desigualdad Salarial en Argentina: Un Enfoque de Equilibrio General Computado," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0003, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
  • Handle: RePEc:dls:wpaper:0003
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Miguel Székely & Marianne Hilgert, 1999. "What's Behind the Inequality we Measure: An Investigation Using Latin American Data," Research Department Publications 4188, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
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    6. Altimir, Oscar, 1994. "Income distribution and poverty through crisis and adjustment," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), April.
    7. Morley, Samuel A., 2001. "The income distribution problem in Latin America and the Caribbean," Libros de la CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 65 edited by Eclac.
    8. Cowell, F.A., 2000. "Measurement of inequality," Handbook of Income Distribution,in: A.B. Atkinson & F. Bourguignon (ed.), Handbook of Income Distribution, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 2, pages 87-166 Elsevier.
    9. Leonardo Gasparini & Walter Sosa, 2001. "Assessing Aggregate Welfare: Growth and Inequality in Argentina," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 38(113), pages 49-71.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Leonardo Gasparini, 2003. "Argentina's Distributional Failure: The Role of Integration and Public Policy," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 3337, Inter-American Development Bank.
    2. Ricardo Bebczuk, 2009. "SME Access to Credit in Guatemala and Nicaragua: Challenging Conventional Wisdom with New Evidence," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0080, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    3. Pablo Acosta & Leonardo Gasparini, 2007. "Capital Accumulation, Trade Liberalization, and Rising Wage Inequality: The Case of Argentina," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 55, pages 793-812.
    4. Leonardo Gasparini, 2003. "Argentina´s Distributional Failure: The role of Integration and Public Policies," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0001, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    5. Leonardo Gasparini, 2003. "Argentina's Distributional Failure: The Role of Integration and Public Policy," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 42798, Inter-American Development Bank.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    equilibrio general computado; argentina; desigualdad;

    JEL classification:

    • D3 - Microeconomics - - Distribution
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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