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Armut von Erwerbstätigen im europäischen Vergleich: eine Analyse unter Berücksichtigung des Einkommensverteilungsprozesses

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  • Henning Lohmann

Abstract

In Europe, there are significant differences in the extent and in the structure of in-work poverty. Based on a comparison of 20 countries the present study analyses to what extent this is due to the differences in the institutional framework conditions of a given country. The analyses are based on micro data from the EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) of 2006 and macro data from different sources. The analyses distinguish between different steps in the process of income generation and redistribution. The starting point is the question whether a person's own income from work is sufficient to avoid poverty. Further steps regard the role of the household context (needs and further income) and the effect of state redistribution (taxes and transfers). This comprehensive perspective allows for a separation of labour market related and other influences on the risk of in-work poverty. In Europa bestehen deutliche Unterschiede im Ausmaß und in der Struktur von Armut von Erwerbstätigen. Die vorliegende Untersuchung analysiert in einem Vergleich von 20 Ländern, inwieweit dies auf die unterschiedliche Ausgestaltung der institutionellen Rahmenbedingungen eines jeweiligen Landes zurückzuführen ist. Die Analysen basieren auf Mikrodaten aus der EU Statistik zu Einkommen und Lebensbedingungen (EU-SILC) des Jahres 2006 und Makrodaten aus unterschiedlichen Quellen. Es werden unterschiedliche Stufen des Einkommensverteilungsprozesses betrachtet. Der Ausgangspunkt ist die Frage, ob das persönliche Erwerbseinkommen einer Person ausreichend ist, um Armut zu vermeiden. In weiteren Schritten werden der Haushaltskontext (Bedarf und weitere Erwerbseinkommen) und der Einfluss staatlicher Umverteilung (Steuern und Transfers) mitberücksichtigt. Nur in dieser umfassenden Perspektive ist es möglich zu klären, inwieweit Armut von Erwerbstätigen vor allem am Arbeitsmarkt entsteht oder auf andere Faktoren zurückzuführen ist.

Suggested Citation

  • Henning Lohmann, 2009. "Armut von Erwerbstätigen im europäischen Vergleich: eine Analyse unter Berücksichtigung des Einkommensverteilungsprozesses," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 887, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp887
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    Keywords

    Poverty; Employment; Working Poor; Welfare State;

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