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La théorie des transactions informelles:une synthèse;The informal transactions theory:A synthesis


  • Gérard Charreaux

    () (Université de Bourgogne)


(VF)Les analyses des phénomènes organisationnels proposées par la théorie de l'agence, tant sous sa forme positive que normative, ne considèrent que la structure formelle des organisations. L'objet de cet article est de proposer une synthèse de la théorie des transactions informelles introduite par Breton et Wintrobe qui prolonge la théorie de l'agence en prenant en compte les phénomènes informels. Cette théorie qui fournit la première explication économique de l'existence et du fonctionnement des structures informelles, permet notamment d'appréhender les différences d'efficacité entre les différents types d'organisations. Ses applications potentielles sont importantes pour comprendre le fonctionnement des organisations tant publiques que privées.(VA)Agency theory considers only formal structures of organizations. This article is a synthesis of the informal transactions theory introduced by Breton and Wintrobe. This theory may be considered as a develoment of agency theory, which accounts for informal phenomenons in organizations. It gives the first economic explanation of informal structures and contributes to explain the difference in performance between organizations. Its potential uses concern the understanding of public and private organizations.

Suggested Citation

  • Gérard Charreaux, 1989. "La théorie des transactions informelles:une synthèse;The informal transactions theory:A synthesis," Working Papers CREGO 0890101, Université de Bourgogne - CREGO EA7317 Centre de recherches en gestion des organisations.
  • Handle: RePEc:dij:wpfarg:0890101

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Yermack, David, 1996. "Higher market valuation of companies with a small board of directors," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 185-211, February.
    2. Noel Capon & John U. Farley & Scott Hoenig, 1990. "Determinants of Financial Performance: A Meta-Analysis," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 36(10), pages 1143-1159, October.
    3. Scott W. Barnhart & M. Wayne Marr & Stuart Rosenstein, 1994. "Firm performance and board composition: Some new evidence," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(4), pages 329-340, July/Augu.
    4. Eisenberg, Theodore & Sundgren, Stefan & Wells, Martin T., 1998. "Larger board size and decreasing firm value in small firms," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 35-54, April.
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    More about this item


    théorie de l'agence; théorie des transactions informelles; structures informelles; organisations; Agency theory; informal transactions theory; informal structures; organizations;

    JEL classification:

    • L20 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - General


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