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Les mécanismes à l’origine de la corruption : une analyse sur micro-données africaines


  • Emmanuelle Lavallée

    () (DIAL, Paris)

  • Mireille Razafindrakoto

    () (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

  • François Roubaud

    () (DIAL, IRD, Paris)


(english) Who are the most prone to pay bribes? Who are angled for bribes? Who pay? This article explores these issues in sub-Saharan Africa, an area of the world where corruption is widespread. This paper empirical basis is a rich collection of comparable data provided by the Afrobarometer surveys conducted in 18 sub-Saharan African countries. So as to answer these questions properly, this paper also analyses the characteristics of users of governmental services in Africa. Our study yields new results about the exposure to corruption and the use of public services as well. Our findings notably show that ethnic and religious belongings, which are traditionally put forward in the literature about corruption in this continent, do not have a so clear effect on corruption. _________________________________ (français) Quels sont les individus les plus enclins à recourir à la corruption ? A qui demande-t-on des pots-devin ? Qui en payent ? Cet article explore ces questions à partir d’un riche corpus d’enquêtes-ménages comparables réalisées dans continent où la corruption sévit avec beaucoup d’acuité : les enquêtes Afrobaromètre. Afin de répondre à ces questions, il s’interroge également sur les caractéristiques des utilisateurs des services publics en Afrique. Notre article apporte des résultats nouveaux tant sur la propension à corrompre et l’exposition à la corruption que sur les déterminants de l’utilisation des services publics. Nos estimations montrent notamment que les facteurs d’appartenance ethnique, traditionnellement mis en avant en Afrique, ne jouent pas un rôle aussi clair sur la corruption que ne le suggère la littérature.

Suggested Citation

  • Emmanuelle Lavallée & Mireille Razafindrakoto & François Roubaud, 2008. "Les mécanismes à l’origine de la corruption : une analyse sur micro-données africaines," Working Papers DT/2008/08, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  • Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200808

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    corruption; publicly provided goods; household; corruption; publicly provided goods; household.;

    JEL classification:

    • D73 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Bureaucracy; Administrative Processes in Public Organizations; Corruption
    • H4 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods
    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household

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