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Programme de lutte contre la pauvreté et stratégie de croissance au Sénégal. Les deux politiques se complètent-elles ?

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  • Sandrine Mesplé-Somps

    () (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

Abstract

Since 2004, the Government of Senegal has adopted an accelerated growth program in the aim of reducing poverty by half before 2015 (Millennium Development Goal). This article criticizes this program by analysing his pro-poor components. It shows that policies are too much oriented towards sectors that generate few jobs and revenues to poor people. Then, this growth strategy is not really in accordance with the Senegalese Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper.________________________________ Les autorités sénégalaises ont adopté un programme de lutte contre la pauvreté avec le soutien des institutions de Bretton Woods depuis 2002. Afin de tenter d’atteindre les objectifs de réduction de la pauvreté qui ont été fixés par les Objectifs du Millénaire pour le Développement (OMD), elles ont lancé en 2004 un programme de relance de la croissance. Cet article discute de cette nouvelle stratégie de croissance et analyse de quelle manière elle est en mesure ou non de répondre aux objectifs de réduction de la pauvreté. On montre que les orientations politiques de ce programme devraient avant tout favoriser les activités formelles peu génératrices d’emploi et de revenus. Cela interroge alors la manière dont les autorités sénégalaises s’impliquent dans la mise en oeuvre des politiques vis à vis des plus défavorisés.

Suggested Citation

  • Sandrine Mesplé-Somps, 2007. "Programme de lutte contre la pauvreté et stratégie de croissance au Sénégal. Les deux politiques se complètent-elles ?," Working Papers DT/2007/03, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  • Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200703
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    File URL: http://www.dial.ird.fr/media/ird-sites-d-unites-de-recherche/dial/documents/publications/doc_travail/2007/2007-03
    File Function: First version, 2007
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Senegal; growth; poverty; inequality; Sénégal; croissance; pauvreté; inégalité.;

    JEL classification:

    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution

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